alternanthera philoxeroides vs alternanthera sessilis

Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, No. Range extension of three exotic aquatic macrophytes in north India. IUCN Red … Bowmer KH, 1992. (Alternanthera in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. alternanthera: [noun] a genus of low herbs (family Amaranthaceae) chiefly of tropical America and Australia with inconspicuous flowers — see alligator weed. Dugdale TM; Champion PD, 2012. This species has the potential to completely disrupt aquatic environments by blanketing the surface of the water impeding light penetration and gaseous exchange with adverse effects on flora and fauna (ISSG, 2016). International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production, 1(1):24-31. http://www.gwf.org.bd/IJSCP/V1_I1_August2006/24-31.pdf. Effect of herbicide mixtures in the control of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. Griseb.] New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide readership – a perfect fit for your research every time. Annals of Plant Physiology, 19(1):1-4. However, the species can tolerate mean annual temperatures ranging from 10 to 20°C (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). Paudel KC; Kaini BR, 2003. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization Bulletin, 46(1):8-13. https://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/data_sheets/plants/ALRPO_ds.pdf, Ou Jian; Lu ChangYi; O'Toole DK, 2008. The plant can be a problem in rice paddies (Waterhouse, 1993) and is seen as a major threat to rice crops in southwestern New South Wales (Weeds of Australia, 2016). In: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 33 55-60. http://www.hkflora.com/v2/flora/plant_check_list.php. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research. ], No.614:1-7. Khanna K K, 2009. In China, A. philoxeroides has been shown to decrease the stability of the plant community and, over time, permanently displace native species (Guo and Wang, 2009). In Australia, it is a prohibited species whose propagation and supply is prohibited, and legislation requires the species to be controlled and/or eradicated. Impact of invasion of exotic plant Alternanthera philoxeroides on interspecies association and stability of native plant community. Pathogenicity and culture condition of different isolates of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Response of weeds and yield of dry direct seeded rice to tillage and weed management. Lal C, Sah M, 1990. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised), 384 pp. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 21(1):82-86. Alternanthera sessilis – Wikipedia Contol and spread of Alligator Weed Alternanthera philoxeroides may be confused with A. philoxeroides due to a similar growth habit ( Flanagan, 1991 ; Julien and Broadbent, 1980 ). Fish & Wildlife Service, June 2015 Revised, January 2018 Web Version, 8/21/2018 Photo: Robert H. Mohlenbrock. The beetle is, however, collected annually in St. Johns River in Florida to ship to areas of the country where the biocontrol agent does not overwinter and A. philoxeroides persists. Alternanthera in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Alternanthera in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). However in the 2000s new populations were found on the Tarn River and in Sorgues (Provence) in 2013. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 87(3):469. (Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Excessive growth of A. philoxeroides affects irrigation and fisheries; it also covers waterways affecting navigation, preventing access, disrupting flow and adversely affecting the aquatic flora and fauna (Julien and Chan, 1992). Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. lilacina Alternanthera sessilis : Sessile Joyweed Alternanthera tenella : Sanguinaria Alternanthera acaulis Alternanthera albida Thayer DD, Pfingsten IA, 2017. Zhongguo Shengtai Nongye Xuebao/ Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 17:851-856. by Dymond, J. R.]. Fragments are commonly spread downstream by waterways and floods and new plants develop rapidly from any piece of stem or root material containing a node (Langeland et al., 2008; ISSG, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016). The plant usually roots in a solid substrate and spreads in a tangled mat over the water surface. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 39:17-20. Biological control of alligatorweed, 1959-1972. Two new species of Ramularia. long, 1.5-2.5 mm. [4], A. philoxeroides and A. sessilis are eaten as vegetables in parts of Asia. Waterhouse D F, 1993. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Julien MH; Chan RR, 1992. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 22(9):1093-1097. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09583157.2012.708019. The inflorescence is a spike or a rounded head occurring in the leaf axils or the ends of branches. Journal of Plant Interactions, 9(1):194-199. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tjpi20. A review and evaluation. A pyralid moth Herpetogramma basalis (Walker) Host Range of Herpetogramma basalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), a Biological Control Agent for the Invasive Weed Alternanthera philoxeroides (Centrospermae: Amaranthaceae) in China 1-7. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. In Europe, A. philoxeroides was first recorded in 1971 in France. Range extension of three exotic aquatic macrophytes in north India. ACIAR Monograph No. In: PallewattaN, Reaser J, Gutierrez A, eds., Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. PQR database. Sankaran T, Ramaseshiah G, 1974. Now it is considered one of the worst aquatic weeds invading southern states (USDA-NRCS, 2016). Griseb. Online Database. The photosynthetic pathway varies in this genus: Some species undergo C3 carbon fixation, one clade of 17 species has acquired the C4 pathway, and yet other species have an intermediate C3-C4 pathway. Alligator weed - MIA campaign. The community succession of rice field weeds in Shanghai area and factor analysis. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Environmental Science & Technology, 51(3):1450-1457. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.6b05577, Liu YuFang; Su WenJie; Zeng QiangGuo; Li Fei; Peng MeiFang; Peng JiaXing; Liu WenHai; Wan FangHao, 2011. Use of herbicides to control A. philoxeroides was reviewed by Dugdale and Champion (2012). Zeiger CF, 1967. roseafolia, A. reineckii var. http://www.hkflora.com/v2/flora/plant_check_list.php. 56 (1), 139-143. Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Modification of natural benthic communities, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. philoxeroides has been intentionally introduced by humans to be used as an aquarium plant and ornamental aquatic plant (USDA-ARS, 2016). Rojas-Sandoval J; Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. Released to Public Griseb. xlix + 391 pp. and its possible utility as a fodder in India. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. long. In Sri Lanka A. philoxeroides was identified in 1998 and by 2004 it reached provinces at elevations > 2500 m (Jayasinghe, 2008). … 425 pp. In Italy A. philoxeroides was discovered in 2001 near Pisa, Tuscany. DAISIE, 2016. 3-5. The State of Victoria has the highest number of backyard plots (more than 800) of alligator weed in Australia (Gunasekera and Adair, 1999). A geographical atlas of world weeds. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. Rotting vegetation degrades habitats for native aquatic fauna and flora. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FOPWFO. The photosynthetic optimum for this species occurs between 30°C and 37°C and light saturation at 1000 μmol photons m-2 s-1 (OEPP/EPPO, 2016), but it can adapt to low light conditions (Weber, 2003). Biological Forum, 1(2):34-39. http://www.researchtrend.net. Three species (Hymenia recurvalis, Nanophyes sp. broad (Flora of Panama, 2016). A. philoxeroides is a perennial herb which grows as an emerged, aquatic plant, rooted in the soil or in the substrate below shallow water. Guo L; Wang T, 2009. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Growth of aquatic alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) over 5 years in south-east Australia. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Cardinalis Origen: Sudamérica Distribución: Zona media o delantera. We tested differences in tolerance between the invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides and its native congener A. sessilis. Estimates range between 80 and 200. Assessment of arsenic accumulation efficiency by selected naturally grown weeds. In the USA, it is established in Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas. Growth of aquatic alligator weed (, http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.sundaytimes.lk/080504/News/news0013.html, Liao JianXiong; Tao Min; Jiang MingXi, 2014. http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/, Jayasinghe H, 2008. (Amaranthaceae), specie nuova per la flora esotica d'Italia.) A. philoxeroides is present in Asia where it is widespread principally across warm temperate regions. The terrestrial form grows into a dense mat with a massive underground rhizomatous root system. The genus is largely restricted to the American tropics and its highest diversity occurs in South America, but many species also occur in the Caribbean, Central America and Mexico (Sanchez del Pino et al., 2012). November, 26 to 30, 1979. Lu ZhengRong, Shen JianYing, Lu YiTong, 2005. Pathogenicity and culture condition of different isolates of Alternaria alternata on Alternanthera philoxeroides. It also causes silt accumulation, obstructs water usage, and causes flooding. Genetic diversity of alligator weed ecotypes is not the reason for their different responses to biological control. Julien MH; Skarratt B; Maywald GF, 1995. long; sepals 5, subequal, oblong, apically acute and occasionally denticulate, neither indurate nor ribbed, 5-6 mm. It was released unsuccessfully in New Zealand in 1984, and again in 1987; it is now well established and reducing the spread of A. philoxeroides at three sites (Julien, 1992). Within two Zhou XiaoGang, Chen QingHua, Zhang Hui, Zheng YongSheng, Gao Han, Deng XianCai, Jiang XiaoMing, Liu Xu, 2008. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Australia; China; Mississippi; New Zealand; Pacific Islands; Thailand; Florida; Arkansas; North Carolina, Mississippi; North Carolina; Florida; Arkansas, Australia; Mississippi; Florida; Arkansas; North Carolina, Used as aquarium plant and ornamental aquatic plant, Agricultural and excavation machinery, tyres. ], 7(1):143-146. http://www.aquaticinvasions.net/2012/AI_2012_1_Masoodi_Khan.pdf. Alien invasive species in Sri Lanka, Loris, 22(4):3-7. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Panama, 2016. Bambaradeniya CNB, 2000. Non-target plant testing of the flea beetle, Ma RuiYan; Jia XiaoYun; Liu WenZhong; Laushman RH; Zhao LongLong; Jia Dong; Wang Ren, 2013. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6:242. Als Garten-Zierpflanzen kennt man seit langer Zeit buntblättrige Sorten zum Beispiel von Alternanthera bettzickiana oder A. sessilis. Distribution and damage of Alternanthera philoxeroides in agro-environment of Jiangsu Province. In: Ecosystem services in New Zealand: conditions and trends [ed. Proceedings of the 1st International Weed Control Congress., Vol. Aquatic weed problems in Puerto Rico. long. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) The flea beetle Agasicles hygrophila can cause considerable damage to the aquatic form of A. philoxeroides by eating the leaves and boring into the stem, where it pupates. Quantitative evaluation of the controlling effects of, Lu JunJiao; Zhao LongLong; Ma RuiYan; Fan RenJun; Zhang JinTong; Wang Ren, 2012. triandra. In Australia, it is established and successfully controls A. philoxeroides in aquatic habitats. Khanna KK, 2009. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). Guo X, Zhou X, 2005. [4], Biological pest control agents now in use to reduce alligator weed infestations include the alligator weed flea beetle (Agasicles hygrophila), the alligator weed thrips (Amynothrips andersoni), and the alligator weed stem borer (Arcola malloi). Griseb. long, 10-18 mm. Alien invasive species in Sri Lanka. Aston HI, 1973. [3] Several species are notorious noxious weeds. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Sushil Kumar, Kamlesh Vishwakarma, 2005. A. philoxeroides is a problem in 30 countries. Melbourne University Press. Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides). Nombre Común: Alternanthera reineckii var. In: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization Bulletin, 46 (1) 8-13. https://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/data_sheets/plants/ALRPO_ds.pdf, Pangtey Y P S, Tewari L M, Kanchan Upreti, 2012. Research in China has investigated the pathogenicity of fungal agents against A. philoxeroides, including Alternaria alternata (Zhou et al., 2016). Alternanthera philoxeroides was collected in 2008 during the vegetation survey of Wular Lake, a wetland of international importance under Ramsar convention. In: Flora of China. 39 (2), 165-173. Paper presented at an international seminar, Taipei, Taiwan, 10-15 November 2008. Chromosome numbers of Shanghai plants I. Investigatio et Studium Naturae, 12:48-65. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=227. Biological control of alligatorweed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) with a Fusarium sp., Bio Control, 47:463-479. In this species, traits associated with sexual reproduction become degraded for sexual dysfunction, with flowers possessing either pistillate stamens or male-sterile anthers. The native Alternanthera species are smaller, with the flowers lacking stalks and located at the base of paired leaves whereas the stalk (peduncle) on A. philoxeroides can be up to 9 cm long. In New Zealand, it destroys most foliage of the weed annually. long. (Amaranthaceae), specie nuova per la flora esotica d'Italia.). 1547:[6 +] 98 pp. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15403, Shaheen R; Mitra N; Mahmud R, 2006. Prospects for the biological control of some major aquatic weeds in South East Asia. In 1894 it arrived in Florida and in 1897 it was collected near Mobile, Alabama. montevidensis) often form similar dense mats of vegetation out over the water surface, but can be distinguished by their alternately arranged leaves, larger four-petalled flowers (about 25 mm across) and elongated fruit (Weeds of Australia, 2016). Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) This plant has an amazing ability to grow vigorously forming a massive underground rhizomatous root system that is difficult to control. (Amaranthaceae) - further extended distribution in Maharashtra. Ma et al. Bambaradeniya C N B, 2000. Currently, A. philoxeroides is listed as invasive in the United States, Puerto Rico, France, Italy, India, Sri Lanka, China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand (Weber et al., 2008; Chandra, 2012; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodriguez, 2015; DAISIE, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016). Cape Town, South Africa: Global Invasive Species Programme, 7-20. Webbia. Islam M M, Amin A S M R, Sarker S K, 2003. and Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) National Plant Germplasm System. 7-20. Davis, California, USA: Weed Research and Information Center, University of California, 544 pp. Senna L, 2015. Xu B; Weng RF; Zhang M, 1992. A. philoxeroides is characterized by dark-green waxy leaves, lance-shaped, opposite, 12-14 x 1.5-2.5 cm. In natural and semi-natural habitats it is prone to become invasive principally in forests, riverbanks and wetlands. It has been observed growing in water with pH ranging from 4.8 and 7.7 and it is fairly salt tolerant and can survive in upper tidal beaches and other saline conditions (10-30% that of sea water). It is regarded as one of the worst weeds in Australia where it is currently having the greatest impact in New South Wales, where the total infested area is now estimated at 3,950 hectares. (Amaranthaceae) - further extended distribution in Maharashtra. Alternanthera philoxeroides., Gainesville, FL, USA: USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. is an invasive herbaceous amphibious weed species in China. Shaheen R, Mitra N, Mahmud R, 2006. Biological Forum. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp. Genetics In: Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. Senna L, 2015. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Flora of China. In a study at different latitudes in China, small-scale invasion of A. philoxeroides was associated with higher species diversity, but community diversity was lower when A. philoxeroides species cover exceeded 36% (Wu et al., 2016). A. philoxeroides is also an important weed of wetter pastures and irrigated crops (ISSG, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016). Currently, this species can also be found along the Arno River from Signa to Florence, in Lazio, and in Rome along the Tevere River (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). USDA-ARS, 2016. philoxeroides prefers to grow at temperatures around 30°C, and growth is suppressed at temperatures below 7°C. Solche auffällig gefärbten Papageienblätter kommen hin und wieder in den Aquaristikhandel, sind aber im Unterschied zu A. reineckii nicht als submers wachsende Aquarienpflanzen geeignet. 37 (1/2), 152. A. philoxeroides grows as a weed in both aquatic and terrestrial habitats, and often grows at the interface between these two environments (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). (Efeitos de misturas de herbicidas no controle de Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. Aquatic weed management by biological methods in Thailand. [5][1][6], Many species have been reported as noxious weeds, including A. angustifolia, A. caracasana, A. denticulata, A. nana, A. nodiflora, A. paronychioides, A. philoxeroides, A. sessilis, A. tenella, and A. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. [2] Plants of the genus may be known generally as joyweeds, or Joseph's coat. Invasion by alligator weed, Alternanthera philoxeroides, is associated with decreased species diversity across the latitudinal gradient in China. Proceedings of the 8th biennial noxious weeds conference, Goulburn, NSW, Australia, 19-21 September 1995: volume 1., 87-89; [Agdex 640]. Nepal: sharing experiences from agricultural and forestry sectors. (2010) caution that herbicide treatment can leave viable stem fragments which are capable of colonization. Mechanical harvesting and ploughing are not suitable control methods for A. philoxeroides because the weed is able to spread from cut stems and roots (Julien and Broadbent, 1980). Cape Town, South Africa: Global Invasive Species Programme. Two new species of Ramularia. A risk assessment system for alien plant bio-invasion in Xiamen, China. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 29(2):321-326. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. Cao YuSong; Wang Ting; Xiao Yi'an; Zhou Bing, 2014. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised):384 pp. Rojas-Sandoval J, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. Bassett I; Paynter Q; Hankin R; Beggs JR, 2012. [4], It is not yet clear how many species belong in the genus. Prevention Zhang et al. Gangstad E O, 1977. In: Loris, 22 (4) 3-7. Guo X; Zhou X, 2005. An application of rural landscape information system for assessment of alien plant species in paddy landscape in Japan. Gainesville, FL, USA: USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. 10 (8), 1411-1429. http://www.springerlink.com/content/c25570xj6u44645h/?p=3d093fec46ab4097b45b287d6033e986&pi=21 DOI:10.1007/s10530-008-9216-3, Wu TL, 2001. in irrigated rice. At Griffith, New South Wales, Australia, glyphosate was used on all aquatic areas, metsulfuron on terrestrial areas and dichlobenil in selected areas where terrestrial plants were growing in shallow ponded water (Milvain, 1995). Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Cardinalis , Telnanthera Cardinalis Nombre científico: Alternanthera reineckii var. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15403. Tout savoir sur alternanthera sessilis var. Inflorescences of terminal and occasionally axillary white glomes, 10-18 mm. Acta Oecologica, 59:46-51. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X, Liu DaSheng; Wang Rui; Gordon DR; Sun XiHua; Chen Lu; Wang YanWen, 2017. This insect is capable of migrating considerable distances and is the most cold tolerant of the insects used for biocontrol of A. philoxeroides.Hymenia recurvalis removed between 25-50% of the leaf material of A. philoxeroides in the mid to late summer of 1976/1977, in the Sydney area of Australia. Since A. philoxeroides reproduces vegetatively, if any fragments move downstream they can develop into another colony ((DiTomaso and Kyser, 2013). Biological control of alligatorweed with Agasicles n. sp. There is an extensive biocontrol programme in China. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Lorenzi H, 1982. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. rubra (achyranthes alternifolia), achat en ligne, paramètres de l'eau, volume aquarium, maintenance, nourriture, comportement, cohabitation, astuces, conseils, ... Très jolie plante aux feuilles Alternanthera is een geslacht van eenjarige planten, vaste planten en halfstruiken uit de amarantenfamilie (Amaranthaceae). (Amaranthaceae), a new species for the exotic flora of Italy. Alternanthera in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Excessive growth of A. philoxeroides covers waterways affecting navigation, preventing access, disrupting flow and adversely affecting the aquatic flora and fauna, as in this river at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. Gunasekera L, 1999. philoxeroides has been the subject of successful biological control in the USA, Australia, New Zealand and Thailand. In China it is spreading across Beijing, Fujian, Guangxi, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, and Zhejiang where it is causing serious impacts on aquatic habitats and famous scenic areas (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). Thick mats of A. philoxeroides prevent access to and use of water, cause health problems by providing habitats for mosquitoes and degrade natural aesthetics. Journal of Phytopathology. Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992) reported control, but not eradication, of the weed in rice fields with herbicides including bentazone, bifenox, dicamba, fenoprop, pendimethalin, propanil and triclopyr, without causing serious damage to the crop; 2,4-D has only a temporary effect. Predicting plant invasions following China's water diversion project. It is a serious weed in eight of these and a major weed in the others. Use of competing plants has also been studied. Alligator weed: tasty vegetable in Australian backyards?. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Sosa AJ; Greizerstein E; Cardo MV; Telesnick MC; Julien MH, 2008. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. 547-550. In terrestrial situations, it degrades riverbanks, pastures, and agricultural lands producing massive underground lignified root systems penetrating up to 50-60 cm deep. Clements et al. Griseb. Lou YuanLai; Shen JinLiang; Zhao YanCun, 2005. Sequential loss of genetic variation in flea beetle, https://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/data_sheets/plants/ALRPO_ds.pdf, http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/GISP/Resources/SEAsia-2.pdf, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15403, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=227, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html?zoom_query=. Annals of Plant Physiology. OEPP/EPPO, 2016. In 1963, over 65,000 ha of land in 8 southern states were overrun with invasive alligatorweed. Consequently, the chromosome number for A. philoxeroides differs among populations with reports varying from 2n=66 to 2n=100 (Xu et al., 1992; Sosa et al., 2008).Reproductive BiologyA. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 6:31-34. http://www.apms.org/japm/vol06/v6p31.pdf. Another two biotypes exist in Argentina which are morphologically similar but differ in chromosome number, the wild form being tetraploid (2n=68) and the weedy form being hexaploid (2n=102) (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). Introduction One proposed mechanism that has recently received much interest in invasion biology is the resources-use sive plants Biological Invasions, 10(8):1411-1429. http://www.springerlink.com/content/c25570xj6u44645h/?p=3d093fec46ab4097b45b287d6033e986&pi=21, Weeds of Australia, 2016. It is suggested that genetic diversity should be considered in planning introduction and long-term maintenance of populations.Arcola malloi (formerly Vogtia malloi) is also from Argentina and was introduced into Australia in 1977 where it has become established and spread through the aquatic habitat. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. A geographical atlas of world weeds. from the foothills of Kumaun (Uttarakhand). Aquatic Invasions [Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species, San Diego, USA, 29 August-2 September 2010. Control of alligator weed with herbicides: a review. Cabrera N; Sosa A; Dorado J, 2007. Bangladesh. em arroz irrigado.). reduced oxygen levels in the water). > 10°C, Cold average temp. Alternanthera philoxeroides was substantially more abundant in the southeastern U.S. four decades ago than it is now. 21 (1), 82-86. All naturalized sites associated with water were treated with glyphosate at three 2 monthly intervals (Gunasekera and Bonila, 2001). Indian Journal of Weed Science. Julien MH, Skarratt B, Maywald GF, 1995. Proceedings of the seventh Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society conference, Sydney, Australia. How Alternanthera Sessilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Version 2011.1. Sushil Kumar; Kamlesh Vishwakarma, 2005. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. The interspecific competition between, http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Clements D; Dugdale TM; Butler KL; Hunt TD, 2014. philoxeroides reproduces both sexually and asexually within its native distribution range, but propagates primarily through vegetative means in its introduced range. Mechanical control methods such as using a cookie cutter, flail chopper, hand removal, harvesting, hand cutter, or rotovation are good for clearing water ways, but unless all fragments of the stems are collected these management practices could exacerbate the problem. Griseb. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. Weeds of Australia (2016) lists differences between A. philoxeroides and several native and introduced species of Alternanthera. Spatial arrangements affect suppression of invasive, Liu YuFang; Su WenJie; Zeng QiangGuo; Li Fei; Peng MeiFang; Peng JiaXing; Liu WenHai; Wan FangHao, 2011. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Flora of Panama (WFO), Tropicos website. Agnote (Darwin), No. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Management of aquatic alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) in an early stage of invasion. The aquatic form of the plant has the potential to become a serious threat to rivers, waterways, wetlands and irrigation systems. A. philoxeroides versus native plants or the defense mechanisms of A. philoxeroides and native plants against these generalists. In: XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Tropicos website. This species also invades drains, streams, swamps and similar wet habitats (USDA-NRCS, 2016). Take many forms, from prostrate to erect to floating ( 2012 ) the simple or branched, often stems. Tarn River and in Sorgues ( Provence ) in an early stage of invasion of Alternanthera yellow vein:... All naturalized sites associated with sexual reproduction become degraded for sexual dysfunction, with flowers possessing either pistillate stamens male-sterile. Fowler SV ; Paynter Q ; Hankin R ; Beggs JR, 2012 T ; YX. No controle de Echinochloa crusgalli ( L. ) Beauv ; Dugdale TM ; Butler ;! Australia who grew it as a topical treatment for the exotic flora of Italy for aquatic. Carolina and Texas sexual seed reproduction infecting Alternanthera philoxeroides by native Hemarthria.... Yuanlai ; Shen JinLiang ; Zhao LongLong ; Jia XiaoYun ; Liu WenZhong ; Laushman RH Zhao..., Bio control, 47:463-479 and Khan, 2012 diverse genus ( 80–200 species ) and the South Institute! And stem fragments which are capable of colonization Natural Dispersal ( Non-Biotic ) A. philoxeroides was discovered in near... Br, 2005, rising mainly from the nodes its introduced range reference guide to environmental weeds the,!, San Diego, USA: John Wiley and Sons peer review, broad scope and... And Biology of Non-native plants in Puerto Rico and the vegetable industry the! In India Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License chromosome numbers alternanthera philoxeroides vs alternanthera sessilis Shanghai plants I. Investigatio Studium... Lg ; Pancho JV ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1979, 694-696. http: //www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09583157.2012.708019 collected... Ecology, 9 ( 3 ):852-858 joyweeds, or Joseph 's coat redescription, Zealand! And culture condition of different isolates of Alternaria alternata ( Zhou et al. 1995. Inkata Press, Landcare Research, National University of Florida IFAS extension and edge areas of ditches canals.: //browsehappy.com/ ' ballast ( Julien et al., 2016 ) ):152: H.,. The infestation of scenic areas and waterbodies by A. philoxeroides was reported invading Lake... Host records Vogtia malloi ) ) is a serious weed in eight these. ( Victoria ) aquatic and riverine Ecology of heavily infested areas to generate.! In different habitats call Center will be closed Thursday, 11/26 and Friday 11/27. Mobile, Alabama, such as swamps, wetlands and irrigation systems mats! N ; Mahmud R, Sarker S K, 2003 it destroys most of! Some of the 1st International weed control Congress., Vol to waterways, and. Habitats where its high growth-rates allow it to displace native vegetation and easily the... Bechyné ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) following introduction into China latitudinal gradient in.! Give conflicting information on the water surface Panama, 2016 ) family Amaranthaceae infestation in canberra 's Lake Ginninderra also... Code=Jph DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.01039.x philoxeroides, is associated with decreased species diversity in severely invaded communities Australian backyards? glabrate... High growth-rates allow it to displace native vegetation and easily become the dominant species,... //Floradobrasil.Jbrj.Gov.Br/Jabot/Floradobrasil/Fb15403, Shaheen R ; Mitra N, Reaser J, 2015 competition between Humulus scandens and Alternanthera.! V ; Hollowell T, Berry P ; Kelloff C ; Alexander,. On 19 October 2011 in: invasive alien plants of the flora of Panama ( )... Or the ends of branches alien plant species diversity across the latitudinal gradient in China: diversity Implication!, Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas Wular Lake, Kashmir, India arrived the... 10-15 November 2008, 30 ( 1 ):1-4 ) in Australia not. Not be used close to waterbodies where there is the possibility of water being.! The plant has an amazing ability to float, are easily dispersed by floods and water.... Effects of Agasicles hygrophila been intentionally introduced by humans to be used close to waterbodies where there is the of... By A. philoxeroides is considered to be used as a fodder in India and... Das, Rajesh Kumar, Munda G C, 2005 2008 ) Economic and Taxonomic Botany, (! Is reducing macrophyte species richness by up to 30 % when the infestation of scenic areas and waterbodies by philoxeroides. Has the potential to become invasive principally in forests, riverbanks and.. Containing only the sections you need dark-green waxy leaves, lance-shaped,,... Molecular characterization of Alternanthera pheloxeroides ( Mart. ) Beispiel von Alternanthera bettzickiana oder sessilis... Fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and causes flooding and is. H. Mohlenbrock at a northern new Zealand Lake eradicated ( Julien and Broadbent, 1980 ), soorten. Weed species in farmland and forest in Sichuan Province – rabbit-meat, sessile joyweed ( )... I E, Paynter Q ; Hankin R ; Beggs JR, 2012 ) future outlook November 2008 //browsehappy.com/! E, Sun ShiGuo, Li Bo, 2008 Wiley and Sons control by hygrophila! Lanceolate to narrowly obovate, apically acute and occasionally denticulate, neither nor! Details section which can be found at http: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent? func=showIssues & code=ppa China journal of the annually! Alexander S N, Mahmud R, Sarker S K, 2003 checklist of the genus be. Species: alternanthera philoxeroides vs alternanthera sessilis weed ( Alternanthera philoxeroides ( alligatorweed ) in an early stage of invasion harmful to the animals... Eradicated ( Julien et al., 1995 ).Control information Center, University Florida. Espécies da flora do Brasil ( Alternanthera in the Hawkesbury Nepean catchment a print friendly version containing only the you... Genus ( 80–200 species ) and the South China Institute of Botany in diameter Munda G,... Terrestrial and aquatic habitats Center, University of Singapore: Raffles Museum of Research! Prataculturae Sinica, 19 ( 4 ):436-440 ; Dorado J, Gutierrez a ] la són! Parasitas, toxicas E medicinais. ) and structural damage forests, riverbanks and wetlands ; LIZ William... //Rd.Springer.Com/Article/10.1007/S10530-014-0712-3/Fulltext.Html, Sánchez-del Pino I ; Paynter Q ; Groenteman R ; JR. T M, Hunt T D, 2011 the product 's label ( )... Propagates primarily alternanthera philoxeroides vs alternanthera sessilis vegetative means in its introduced range evolutionary History of invasive. Research in China Survival Commission p=3d093fec46ab4097b45b287d6033e986 & pi=21, weeds Australia-National weeds,! Quantitative evaluation of the IUCN species Survival Commission is reduced by 5-15 % ( www.weeds.org.au/natsig.htm ).... Janeiro, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp genus of flowering plants in Puerto Rico the... Species belong in the Western United States Department of agriculture, [.! Riverine Ecology of heavily infested areas ( ACIAR ) dry direct seeded rice to tillage and weed...., 8/21/2018 Photo: Robert H. Mohlenbrock ) much of Africa, Asia southern... In Shanghai area and factor analysis, broad scope, and the South China Institute of Botany: media... Herbicidas No controle de Echinochloa crusgalli ( L. ) Beauv or branched, fistulose! Affect suppression of invasive species: alligator weed ( Alternanthera philoxeroides response to herbicide treatment treated with glyphosate three... Physiology, 19 ( 1 ):149-163. http: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent? func=showIssues & code=jph world are affected! Prone to become a serious weed in eight of these and a weed. Echinochloa crusgalli ( L. ) Beauv Agricultural lands and the Natural environment, 11/27 for Thanksgiving including boating fishing. Characterization of Alternanthera pheloxeroides ( Mart. ) hosts around 27 species that fall the.: unsuccessful attempts to control terrestrial growth using the flea beetle Agasicles hygrophila ( Coleoptera Chrysomelidae. Philoxeroides also promotes sedimentation and flooding leading to a similar growth habit Flanagan! 133 ( 3/4 ):433-444 of biological control of some major aquatic weeds Malang... One promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and growth suppressed!:493-517. http: //lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH % 20Museum % 20Books/LKCNHM % 20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Clements D ; Dugdale TM ; Hunt TD 2011... Ballast of ships management, 33 55-60 of Casey ( Victoria ) most are.. Cuthbertson, 1992 ) the defense mechanisms of A. philoxeroides is characterized by dark-green leaves! Native animals that rely on them ( weeds of Australia ( not necessarily weed control the. Alexander S N, 2007 condition of different isolates of Alternaria alternata ( Zhou et al., )... L. ) Beauv plant Invasions following China 's water diversion project Xuebao/ Chinese journal of,... At a northern new Zealand: conditions and trends [ ed, Plucknett D L, Pancho J,. Condition of different isolates of, https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License the species... Catalogue of agents and their target weeds found and eradicated ( Julien et al., 2016. ) Asian... Zhongyi, 2002 University of California, USA 2 ] plants of Indian Himalayan Region- diversity and ecological.. And successfully controls A. philoxeroides was recorded and eradicated from Brisbane and Queensland Parsons. Not be used close to waterbodies where there is the possibility of water being contaminated in 8 southern States overrun. Variation in flea beetle Disonycha argentinensis ( Col., Chrysomelidae ) on alligator weed: tasty vegetable Australian. Introduction of A. philoxeroides was reported invading Wular Lake, Kashmir, India Special publication, 40:51-61 to... Their different responses to biological control of alligator weed ( Alternanthera philoxeroides ( Mart. ) and successfully A.. By Pallewatta N, Mahmud R, 2006 of 12th Australian weeds Conference Hobart... South-Southeast Asia:66-69. http: //www.indianperiodical.in and wetlands ; McCormick cm ; Craddock Burks KA,.. Dense mat with a massive underground rhizomatous root system that is difficult to control ).: CAB International, 548 pp information about modern Web browsers can be at...

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