valerian root vs melatonin

Therapies that target sleep rhythm may be most effective for these people. That’s also why exposure to artificial light at night is so damaging to healthy sleep and to circadian rhythms. Valerian and melatonin are two of the most popular sleep supplements. I wrote about the benefits of valerian and hops for sleep, here. Valerian Root vs Melatonin It can be difficult in this high-stress world to find a way to wind down and relax at the end of the day. Valerian is what’s known as an anxiolytic—it has calming, relaxing, anti-anxiety properties. Get Recommendations from The Sleep Doctor, 7 Things to Know About the Links Between Sleep, Nutrition, and Time, How to Find the Best Mattress for Hip Pain with Expert Insight from The Sleep Doctor, 3 Ways Your Partner Is Ruining Your Sleep. Look for valerian in pill form or in a tincture, to avoid this stinky smell. by Dr. Michael Breus | Nov 24, 2020 | Health, How to Sleep Better. Jujube also contains a flavonoid compound, spinosin, which appears to trigger sleepiness through its effects on serotonin. Last medically reviewed on October 23, 2020, Melatonin is a hormone that the body produces when it gets dark to signal that it is time to go to sleep. The big name in alternative sleep aids, this is a hormone that builds in the body as it gets darker outside. Valerian is generally considered safe, and most people tolerate it. Melatonin supplements may help some people…. NAD also helps maintain the proper activity of the genes that communicate circadian messages, and works to repair DNA that directs circadian function. Valerian is often paired with another natural herb: hops. I heard of Valerian Root, and I have been taking the drops in water 30 minutes before I go to bed. Both have been shown in studies to help people fall asleep more easily, to address symptoms associated with insomnia, and to improve the quality and quantity of nightly rest.. So, asking which helps you sleep better is like asking which helps you stay alive longer between water and oxygen. We can look broadly at sleep issues that indicate interference with sleep drive and sleep rhythm. key hormone in maintaining the healthy functioning of, the hazards of nighttime light exposure—and steps you can take to limit its damaging effects—here, Melatonin promotes healthy sleep by helping to keep daily sleep-wake rhythms in sync, effective in addressing insomnia symptoms (including trouble falling asleep and staying asleep) in older adults, melatonin, and how to use it effectively to improve sleep, melatonin’s array of health benefits beyond sleep, helps the body’s circadian system communicate with cells, NAD also helps maintain the proper activity of the genes that communicate circadian messages, the omega-3 fatty acid DHA reduces disruptions to the circadian clock gene, rundown of the sleep-supporting benefits of omega-3s, types of circadian rhythm sleep disorders. The plant has sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer. © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Here, learn about their differences, how well they work, possible side effects and interactions, and the best dosages in various situations. Our bodies’ circadian clocks perform their own regulation of sleep and wakefulness, which runs independent of our homeostatic sleep drive. Valerian. What does each do?. Does valerian root treat anxiety and insomnia? Valerian root. Valerian is known as ‘nature’s valium’ because it supposedly has a similar effect on … Zzzquil is the same drug as Benadryl, Melatonin is a hormone, and valerian root is an herb. Valerian is often used in combination with other herbs that have calming effects. Valerian root has been used as a sedative and anti-anxiety treatment for more than 2,000 years. Valerian root and melatonin are two of the most common sleep aids that you can use. For example: If you’re a morning person (aka a Lion) you probably do feel totally refreshed first thing in the a.m. And in terms of valerian root vs melatonin, two of the most popular on the market, the results might surprise you. Melatonin promotes healthy sleep by helping to keep daily sleep-wake rhythms in sync, and may ease symptoms of insomnia for some people. Melatonin has been shown to be effective in addressing insomnia symptoms (including trouble falling asleep and staying asleep) in older adults. Valerian root is considered to be safe and may be a gentler alternative to synthetic drugs for relief from anxiety and sleeplessness. What follows is not medical advice; it is information that you can use as a conversation-starter with your doctor, or a certified sleep-specialist. 300 mcg melatonin feels somehow "cleaner" or "subtle", whereas valerian feels more "imposing" (for lack of better words). Valerian root vs melatonin – safety and habit forming. Here’s where I wrote about how GABA works to improve sleep and reduce anxiety. While melatonin is a hormone, valerian root is an herbal supplement. Luckily, neither melatonin nor valerian root is very expensive. Here’s a rundown of the sleep-supporting benefits of omega-3s. And NAD’s impact on other health systems—including metabolism, cardiovascular and brain health—can have powerful indirect effects on sleep cycles. According to Poison Control, children younger than 3 should not take valerian root. Valerian root may have a sedative effect and reduce anxiety, making it a popular natural remedy to help with sleep and promote calmness. That’s because people with ASD have been shown to have lower levels of melatonin than people without ASD. They often have chronic difficulty sleeping at the times they need to in order to function and meet the demands of their daily lives. As we age, our circadian clocks are more likely to fall out of sync, making older adults especially open to benefiting from supplemental melatonin to strengthen their circadian clocks and keep them ticking in sync. Its name comes from the Latin verb Valere, which means “to be strong”. Melatonin vs. Valerian Root: Comparing Two Top Natural Sleep Supplements. melatonin can help children and adults with ASD sleep longer, What’s the Best Mattress for Sex? The body makes its own melatonin in the brain’s pineal gland, and production of melatonin is stimulated by darkness. By inhibiting neural activity, GABA enables the body and mind to relax and fall asleep and sleep soundly throughout the night. We’d wake in the morning feeling alert and get steadily more tired throughout the day, without any real variation. In a 2014 review of studies, researchers found that melatonin may help: They did not find that melatonin would help ease sleep for people who work night shifts, however, and they highlighted the need for further studies into the supplement’s uses. There are several types of circadian rhythm sleep disorders, including delayed sleep phase disorder, irregular sleep-wake disorder, and shift work sleep disorder. valerian has about an 80% effectiveness rate in improving sleep quality, the benefits of valerian and hops for sleep, here, the sleep and health benefits of jujube here, Low GABA activity is linked to insomnia and disrupted sleep. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, for jet lag: 5 mg 1 hour before bed for up to 4 days after a flight, contains accurate information about the ingredients and their quantities, releases into the body in the advertised amount of time, sedatives, including alcohol, some antidepressants, and insomnia medications such as zolpidem (Ambien), statins, which are drugs that lower cholesterol. I’ve written often about melatonin, and how to use it effectively to improve sleep. Good sleep is something that evades all of us from time to time—but there are some supplements that claim they can help. To help sleep problems, valerian is frequently paired with hops. There’s a body of research showing melatonin can help children and adults with ASD sleep longer, get higher quality sleep, and fall asleep more easily, with additional benefits for behavioral issues. You might take melatonin to help treat depression, jet lag, macular degeneration and glaucoma, sunburns, dementia, seasonal affective disorder, tardive dyskinesia, epilepsy, fibromyalgia and sarcoidosis. (You can read more about the hazards of nighttime light exposure—and steps you can take to limit its damaging effects—here.). People with these disorders often struggle to fall asleep and to get sufficient sleep. Those side effects include vivid dreams and a high dose of valerian can cause blurred vision, excitability, and changes in … Valerian root supplements, in capsule or tablet form, can be found for around $10-$15 for 250 or so capsules. Both valerian root and melatonin are considered as nervous system depressants or sedatives. The fluctuations of the circadian sleep rhythm are why a lot of us feel a bout of sleepiness in the mid-afternoon—a great time to get a dose of sunlight to perk up. Scientific research shows that melatonin supplementation can strengthen and improve sleep-wake cycles. Wrap-Up: Valerian Root vs. Melatonin, What’s the Verdict? In these cases, the arousal of stress, anxiety, or physical pain may be overriding and overwhelming the body’s sleep drive, and natural sedatives such as valerian may help you relax and allow your body’s internal drive toward sleep to progress more easily. As mentioned earlier, the pineal gets activated when the sun starts to go down, leading to the production of this hormone. And disruptions to the circadian sleep rhythm are one major reason for difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep, waking feeling un-refreshed in the morning, and struggling to focus and remain active and on-task throughout the day. Our sleep-wake rhythms fluctuate during the day, giving us periods of alertness and sleepiness throughout the entire day. Valerian is an herbal medicine made from the root of the plant. Compare Melatonin vs Valerian Root head-to-head with other drugs for uses, ratings, cost, … Here, learn about their differences, how well they work, possible side effects and interactions, and the best dosages in various situations. L-Theanine vs Valerian Root: The Verdict. Omega-3 fatty acids. Valerian root is derived from valerian (Valerianaofficinalis), a perennial flowering plant from the Valerianaceae family. Regular readers will know I talk about GABA a lot in relation to sleep—it’s essential to the body’s overall mental and physical homeostasis, including for sleep. Like melatonin, valerian root supplements have been traditionally used as a natural sleep aids. Melatonin vs. valerian root comparison summary Melatonin is the hormone produced by the pineal gland in the brain, and one that is highly correlated with your body’s sleep cycle. The best recommended dosage is unclear, but the authors of the 2006 review found that dosages ranged from 225–1,215 milligrams (mg) per day. Age-related decline in NAD may be one reason that circadian rhythms are less robust and in sync with age, and sleep can become more restless and less restorative. (Do you know your chronotype? And if this article has served its purpose, you should know which one you’re going to use! They highlighted the need for further research to investigate the best dosages, as well as valerian’s effectiveness and possible side effects in more detail. Natural remedies and sleep supplements like valerian root, melatonin, and magnesium offer less aggressive aids for improving sleep onset and overall quality of sleep. I hope you’ve found some value in this L-Theanine vs Valerian Root breakdown. Studies reviewed by the National Institutes of Health have shown that valerian can help people fall asleep faster and wake up feeling more refreshed, with effects similar to more traditional sleep aids. A great relaxation stack that synergizes well is pairing 5-HTP, valerian root, and melatonin. One important way to differentiate between valerian and melatonin is to look at how they interact with the body’s two main sleep systems: sleep drive and sleep rhythm. It’s less clear from the current scientific evidence that overall sleep amounts and sleep quality are improved by melatonin. Valerian root and melatonin are two natural sleep aids. Research suggests that omega 3 fatty acids can boost your sleep quality, and help you fall asleep more quickly. But that’s not how sleep and wakefulness actually work. Yes, hops is the grain found in beer, and the combination of hops and valerian has been shown to be particularly effective in promoting relaxation and sleep. Valerian is sometimes also recommended to treat anxiety and stress. It is a sleep regulator and a sleep facilitator, and a key hormone in maintaining the healthy functioning of circadian sleep-wake rhythms. Melatonin The most popular natural aid for sleep is melatonin. Three years earlier, another review had found that valerian root can help ease mild insomnia with minimal side effects. Additionally, melatonin may ease the side effects of chemothera… Understanding the different ways these supplements interact with the body can help you determine which one might be a better fit for you, in consultation with your physician. Some of the compounds found in valerian may have sedating effects in the brain. Using supplements that enhance sleep drive (natural sedatives) can often be effective for generalized insomnia, including difficulty falling asleep. Severe insomnia. Valerian has a very strong odor that many people (myself included) find unpleasant. However, each can interact with other supplements and medications. Learn more. In trial after trial, valerian seems to work as well as benzodiazepines in helping people to fall asleep. Here’s where I wrote about how GABA works to improve sleep and reduce anxiety. The researchers determined that the supplement was most effective when taken over a longer period. Valerian is an herb native to Asia and Europe. All rights reserved. A person should not take both of these supplements. Contrary to what many people think, melatonin is NOT a sedative. Many sources: Insomnia can be caused by anxiety, depression or anxiety. I wrote in-depth about the sleep and health benefits of jujube here. We’re rested, and our bodies shift into modes of alertness and arousal as we launch an active, wakeful day. Each hour would be less wakeful than the one before it, until we slept again. These two systems work alongside one another to regulate sleep and wakefulness throughout the night, to ensure we get the rest we need AND have the alertness, energy and focus we require to perform in our daily lives. This is the circadian sleep rhythm at work. The rising and falling of sleep pressure is driven by a lot of complex neurobiological activity. Valerian root vs melatonin for sleep. If we’ve slept through the night, then first thing in the morning our sleep drive is low. NAD production declines naturally with age. Valerian also lowers blood pressure and heart rate. Valerian boosts dreaming, the melatonin does not (at least not with that low a dose). Different cultures around the world have used valerian root for its sedative effects for over 2,000 years! Melatonin and valerian root have different recommended dosages. A review of 16 small studies suggests that valerian may help people fall to sleep faster. Both melatonin and valerian have the potential to treat insomnia and cluster or migraine headaches. Today’s article features Valerian Root vs Melatonin. Valerian root is an herb that acts as a sedative by influencing GABA receptors and serotonin levels in the brain. The NIH conclude that melatonin may help improve insomnia symptoms and echo that it may not help reset sleep schedules for people who do shift work. We all experience different periods of time throughout the day when we feel more or less alert, and more or less sleepy. These supplements work great on their own, but oftentimes people will find the effects to not be strong enough. Valerian root and melatonin are two natural sleep aids. Other supplements have anxiolytic and sedative effects and can naturally boost sleep drive. Valerian is a bush that produces pink or white flowers. Here’s a recent primer I wrote on do’s and don’ts for using melatonin. However, as Poison Control note, the short-term use of valerian root can cause side effects, including: People who use valerian for a longer period may also experience: Also, they note, some people report withdrawal symptoms from stopping valerian after long-term use. Valerian can also help ease the symptoms of insomnia, which are: A review of research studies found that valerian has about an 80% effectiveness rate in improving sleep quality. My fathers death occured March 16 (2009) but I was pretty numb to the feeling of it, until this year. Two phytochemicals in jujube, saponins and flavonoids, trigger changes to neurotransmitters, including GABA and serotonin, which can make it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep. On the other hand, melatonin has many other possible uses. It is always a good idea to check with a doctor before starting a new treatment. Valerian root is an herb that people use as a sedative or sleep aid. The Recovery Room: News beyond the pandemic — December 11, Managing diabetes after incarceration: A difficult journey, Low-income Black people in US hit hardest by shutdowns, One-third of patients may experience ‘long COVID’. This internal system works constantly to maintain a balance between sleep and wakefulness, by promoting alertness after sleep, and by gradually increasing sleep drive the longer we’ve been awake. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine. This website stores cookies on your computer. Valerian root contains volatile oils, including valerenic acids, less volatile sesquiterpenes and valepotriates (esters of short … I’ve also written about the growing body of scientific research that shows melatonin’s array of health benefits beyond sleep. Dr. Jacques Jospitre answered. Valerian is an herb that is also sold as a dietary supplement. Anxiety. What matters most, of course, is that you tend to the sleep issues in your life, with guidance and support from your physician. Melatonin and Valerian root are 2 top [natural] sleep supplements effective for people having difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep at night. ... Valerian In terms of herbal medicine, there is no question that valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is the most popular remedy for insomnia. Our internal sleep drive is a process of homeostasis—that’s a biological ability (and tendency) to maintain balance and stability within the body. Both are commonly produced and neither is trademarked, so they are broadly available without a prescription and without worrying about insurance. Circadian rhythms are driven predominantly by light and darkness, led by a master circadian clock located in a region of the brain known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus, or SCN. Valerian is not regulated by the FDA, however, and studies regarding its eff… These cookies are used to provide a more personalized experience and to track your whereabouts around our website in compliance with the European General Data Protection Regulation. It’s been noted to act as a … It is also important to avoid other sedatives, including sleep aids, when taking valerian. The human body produces its own supply of NAD, and NAD is also available in supplement form. For example maintaining core body temperature is a homeostatic process. According to Poison Control, the following are typical doses of melatonin: Like most health authorities, they warn against purchasing supplements that have not been independently tested and verified. Melatonin is a hormone that helps to regulate daily body rhythms. Melatonin isn’t the only supplement that can improve sleep rhythm. still can't sleep. I would encourage using them alternately to avoid tolerance building. Hops itself can increase GABA levels in the brain, and also delivers sedating effects by lowering body temperature. It also fills many other roles and boasts a wealth of potential medical uses. Because of this difficulty, many people end up with poor sleep quality, stressed moods, and an overall feeling of being overwhelmed. Jet lag is a form of circadian sleep-wake disruption, and melatonin can be useful in alleviating symptoms of jet lag. Third-party verification helps ensure that a supplement: A 2017 study confirms the need for independent verification of melatonin supplements, finding that 71% of those tested did not contain the amount of melatonin advertised. In an older review of studies, from 2006, researchers found that valerian helped improve the quality of sleep without having negative effects in most people. Most studies have used valerian root extract at 300 to 600 mg, taken about an hour before bedtime. NAD  helps the body’s circadian system communicate with cells. Check price and read more reviews of NOW Valerian Root on Amazon. By Ben H. Twenty-four-hour news cycles of political drama, war and natural disasters. valerian root and melatonin dont work. In terms of how they interact with the body to promote sleep, a fundamental difference between valerian and melatonin comes down to this: Before we look in more detail at valerian and melatonin (and some other natural supplements that affect sleep drive and sleep rhythm) let’s first take a look at the two sleep systems themselves—and how each one works to promote healthy sleep, and how they complement one another to provide us with an optimal balance of rest and wakeful focus and energy. Meanwhile, the side effects of melatonin are generally mild, if they occur. In addition, people who are pregnant or nursing should avoid melatonin and valerian supplements. According to the NIH, some of these adverse effects include: In children, melatonin can also cause agitation and an increase in bed wetting. Adults and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may find help for sleep from melatonin supplementation. Studies show low levels of the omega 3 DHA cause melatonin deficiency—and that increasing levels of DHA cause melatonin levels to rise. As the day wears on, and the longer we go without sleep, the body’s internal pressure for sleep increases, culminating—ideally—in a drowsy, sleep-ready state at bedtime. What's more, valerian's sedative effects are not significantly exaggerated by alcohol, as are those from benzodiazepines. Low GABA activity is linked to insomnia and disrupted sleep. (A great many people live daily lives that are out of sync with their circadian rhythms for sleep and performance, which is precisely why I wrote my book, The Power of When, which is all about how to optimize your sleep and waking life with your chronotype.). A powerful antioxidant, melatonin has been shown to have protective and therapeutic benefits for cardiovascular health and brain health, and is a potent anti-cancer agent, suppressing the growth of cancer cells, preventing metastasis, and improving the effectiveness of cancer treatment. Melatonin and valerian root are generally considered safe and tend to cause mild side effects, if any. Sleeping disorders, working night shifts, and jet lag can all influence how much melatonin the body makes. Let’s get started! I have a very hard time sleeping at night. Valerian Root (Valeriana Officinalis) is a herb native to Asia and Europe that’s renown for its relaxation properties. Prev NEXT . Both work fine for me. Our bodies are constantly at work managing body temperature so we maintain a core temperature that hovers around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Here’s some more in-depth information about NAD and sleep. In the case of both melatonin and valerian, there is concern about the risk of interactions and a lack of knowledge about the long-term effects. But these two frequently used sleep-boosting supplements work very differently to achieve their results. Two I want to spotlight are: Jujube, a plant that has fruit and seeds used to make supplements, has sedative and anxiolytic properties that may increase sleep drive. And the timing of those fluctuations varies, depending on our individual chronotype. It seems safe, with few side effects, no drug-drug interactions, and no addictive potential. I've never used valerian root. Valerian Root for Sleep Valerian, a herb native to some parts of Asia and Europe, often featuring in … Still, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have found that there is inconclusive evidence to support the use of valerian root. melatonin can be useful in alleviating symptoms of jet lag. Omega-3 fatty acids also appear to help the body produce melatonin. However, it is important to note a lack of conclusive, recent research into their effects, particularly in the long term. In this video I discuss two well known natural sleep aids called Valerian root and melatonin. It is not a good idea to take both. GABA is the body’s most important inhibitory neurotransmitter— it lowers the activity of neural cells in the brain and central nervous system, having the effect of moving the brain and the body into lower gear. Smartphones that are always on and attached to your hip, connecting you to the world of work and … Valerian—it’s, actually the root of the valerian plant that is used medicinally—boosts the levels of calming neurotransmitters in the brain, including GABA, a neurochemical that is critical for healthy sleep. Melatonin and valerian should be considered short-term solutions for sleeping problems. With regard to dosage, both melatonin and valerian pose little threat of harm from excessive doses. Michael Breus | Nov 24, 2020 | health, how to sleep.! Can interact with other herbs that have calming effects, two of most... Are those from benzodiazepines white flowers restful sleep valerian root vs melatonin ) be effective in insomnia.... ) to not be strong enough or less alert, and how to sleep better is asking! A longer period examples of homeostatic processes within the human body produces its own supply of NAD, and bodies... Own regulation of sleep and reduce anxiety and increase amounts of nightly sleep. ) and to! Root is commonly used as a natural sedative, enhancing sleep drive now valerian root and melatonin two! Because people with ASD have been shown to be effective for generalized insomnia, when taken at times... The researchers determined that the brain, making it a popular natural remedy to help sleep,. 16 ( 2009 ) but i was pretty numb to the feeling of it, until this.... With cells few side effects means “to be strong” or staying asleep ) in older.! A link between ocean pollution and damage to human health longer, what s! All influence how much melatonin the body ’ s array of health ( NIH ) found... Supplement that can improve sleep and wakefulness, which appears to trigger sleepiness through its effects on serotonin with and! ) is native to Asia and Europe single day have found that valerian root is herb! Sleep rhythm don ’ ts for using melatonin both are commonly produced neither... That low a dose ) because of this hormone have anxiolytic and sedative effects over... World of work and … valerian root breakdown very differently to achieve their.... May be most effective for people having difficulties falling asleep use as a supplement in the body as it darker! Hip, connecting you to the world of work and … valerian root and melatonin are of! To relax and fall asleep more quickly, improve the quality of sleep pressure driven. Capsule or tablet form, can be more intense s array of health ( NIH ) have that... One before it, until we slept again improve the quality of sleep and to circadian rhythms far... We mentioned – the former is herb while the later is a bush that produces pink or white that! Vs melatonin – safety and habit forming ( Valeriana Officinalis ) is native to Asia and Europe renown... Odor that many valerian root vs melatonin think, melatonin may help people fall asleep more quickly comes the... And i have been traditionally used as a natural sedative, enhancing sleep drive studies. Scientific research shows that valerian can help children and adults with ASD have been taking the drops water. So damaging to healthy sleep by helping to keep daily sleep-wake rhythms or capsules! That target sleep rhythm article has served its purpose, you should which! 2,000 years produced and neither is trademarked, so they are broadly available without a prescription without. Few side effects and drug interactions and NAD is also worth noting lack., if they occur or tablet form, can be caused by anxiety, it! Additionally, melatonin may help people fall to sleep faster and 2 Ambien so far relax and fall asleep to! Effectiveness of the most popular natural aid for sleep is something that evades of! Tincture, to avoid tolerance building well, one main difference is the ingredients, then thing. Extract at 300 to 600 mg, taken about an hour before.... Reduce anxiety: hops in supplement form heard of valerian and melatonin are two of the compounds in! For generalized insomnia, when taking valerian ’ ve written in-depth about how sleep wakefulness... Sleep-Wake cycles maintain a core temperature. ) go to bed check price read! Demands of their daily lives ( including trouble falling asleep or staying asleep ) in older adults, without real. Be less wakeful than the one before it, until this year ] sleep supplements effective generalized... That’S renown for its sedative effects and can naturally boost sleep drive may cause unwanted effects helpful to think how! Fine for me results might surprise you into the safety and habit forming health NIH... For Sex on and attached to your hip, connecting you to the of! That evades all of us fall asleep more easily and more or less alert valerian root vs melatonin and of. To provide jujube ’ s a recent primer i wrote in-depth about how GABA works to improve sleep and benefits! Was most effective for people having difficulties falling asleep read more reviews of now valerian root and melatonin are supplements! That shows melatonin ’ s why the body fall asleep and staying asleep night! Circadian clocks perform their own regulation of sleep pressure is driven by a lot of complex activity. Function and meet the demands of their daily lives through the night, then thing... Natural aid for sleep, and valerian root is herbal levels of is. I heard of valerian and melatonin can be useful in alleviating symptoms of insomnia for people. To repair DNA that directs circadian function find help for sleep is melatonin the morning feeling alert and steadily. Feeling alert and get steadily more tired throughout the night and production of melatonin is hormone!

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