how to surface plane with a router

Here’s how you can use your router with a straight bit to plane wide material: Mount an oversized base plate on your router and screw the base plate to a pair of stiff, straight “stretchers.” Make your stretchers at least twice as long as the width of the workpiece, plus 8 … The rule of the thumb is to have a jig that is too long and is not short. For trimming tenons, I used to reach for a shoulder plane until I learned the router plane method. The rails should be a little taller than the thickness of the work piece. Make the four small holes in a box pattern. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Here is the target 3” hinge. Sharpening a small, L-shaped cutter like this is tricky, so I made a guide block to ensure a flat, square cutting edge (Photo 9). The value of a router plane is its ability to accurately cut a flat surface sunken at a consistent depth relative to the surrounding surface. 4. Taking a few passes of the router plane will ensure level depth throughout the entirety of the dado). It planes the bottoms of recesses to a uniform depth and can work into corners that otherwise can only be reached with a chisel. Mount one rail on the side of your work using a single screw, ensuring the rail top is higher than the tallest area of the surface you intend to plane. Thread the thumbscrew into the hole. Start by cutting the bevel angle (Photo 7). With a square file (see Sources) shape the hole to fit the hex key’s cross-section (Photo 6). Use a mallet to tap the cutter until it just takes a shaving (Photo 11). The base should be around ½ inch thick and the rails should each be two ½ inch pieces of wood glued together to become a 1-inch thick rail. Once the stock is cleared completely, you can begin routing. Fix the rails to the base. amzn_assoc_search_bar_position = "bottom"; Next, drill the 2″ diameter throat opening (Fig. A router plane solves both of these issues; here’s how. Bandsaw the body’s shape. Thanks for sharing…, Yesterday my husband noticed that our chimney needed cleaning because the smell…, I like how you mentioned that sewer jetting doesn't rely on on…, Thank you for sharing these valuable tips. Or if you don't have a planer of any size, this allow you to plane and re-surface boards in fairly short order, and do a great job of it. Make sliding dovetails by hand. Assemble all the parts, with the cutting edge slightly above the plane’s sole, so it doesn’t make a cut, and then tighten the thumbscrew. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; A router plane solves both of these issues; here’s how. Depending on your specific requirements, you can go for a fixed-base router, plunge router or a multi-purpose router. It’s a tight spot, but with a little patience, you’ll be done before you know it and ready to put your new creation to work. This planer router bit is perfect for wood slabs flattening, resurface or plane the top surface of the spoilboard. Generally, unless the hinge is small, I use the Large router plane for this task. Used on soft and hard woods, particle board, MDF, plywood compact panel, laminate, acrylic and etc. 01 and Photo 2), followed by the two 1″ diameter holes (Photo 3). Start with a block that’s a little oversize, and then mill it to final dimensions. Plane, Router. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; The goal is to end up with the short end of the key about 1″ long. Now you must position your stock firmly into the fixture.  For that you can use hot-melt glue and carpet tape. It takes a short time to complete and the router sled works well to level any wood surface. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. The piece of wood that you want to plane is to be set up in such a way so that it will cut across the natural line patterns that are found on the surface of the wood. Published: June, 13 2019 The router surfacing fixture must consist of a base and two rails. It’ll be tight, but that’s what you want. Because of these screws the jig will remain static instead of moving from side to side when the router bit cuts to the rails. Loosely based on the Stanley No. 01) to draw the plane’s shape on your blank, and then cut it out on the bandsaw (Photo 4). How to use the Veritas Small Router Plane How to mortice a hinge. 02). Router Planes are essential for any work that requires precise depth cuts, such as mortises, tenons, hinge gains, inlay, door locks, and the like. Router plane. 5. Form the cutter’s bevel angle by cutting off the waste at 30° using a rotary tool outfitted with an abrasive wheel. Use cutting oil and a holding block. Create rabbets that are dead 90 degrees to the surface of your panel. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. The best wood work router is an ideal power tool that makes woodworking much easier, comfortable, perfect and faster. So I was curious to discover how the Small would fare in this regard. Once you’ve made the first flat, roll the file one file’s-width either left or right and file the adjacent flat. Using the lines to position the router, drill small halls for the four screws around the big hole which you have created already. The modern router didn’t arrive on the scene fully evolved; it descended from a hand-powered tool called the router plane. When you are working with thick or wide piece of wood, you may find it rather difficult to plane the wood using a planer and a jointer. By way of setting up the piece of wood in this manner you can prevent tearing out of the wood fiber. Dados and grooves.          Make another block to hold the hex key for cutting and grinding. 2. Start with coarse grit, and work your way up to super fine. This is one among the best methods to plane wood using wood router. Drill the hole for the thumbscrew in the back edge of the body (Fig. This method suits to wide pieces of wood as well as thick pieces of wood. Take a wide, straight bit and install the same in the router. As you become more adept with your router plane, you’ll reach for it more and more, in many cases finding it faster than setting up a power tool. And there really is nothing more satisfying than using a tool that you’ve made yourself. The router surfacing fixture consists of a base (in this case 1/2-inch thick MDF) and two rails. The blade is 8mm wide, and the product comes with a depth-stopping feature. First, the cutting edge needs to be at the widest part of the hex key; from point to point, not flat to flat. Router Planes are essential for any work that requires precise depth cuts, such as mortises, tenons, hinge gains, inlay, door locks, and the like. Most router bases are about 6″-7″ in diameter so I made my router sled base 8-1/2″ wide. It works as an outrigger, supporting the plane’s end as you trim. Drill the two smaller holes that define the insides of the handles, also using a Forstner bit. Use this router sled to flatten any size slab using your router and the Infinity Cutting Tools Mega Dado and Planer Bit. You could cut it to length first and grind the bevel later. File flats in the thumbscrew’s hole to match the hex key’s cross-section. It will machine dadoes and grooves, rabbets, dovetails, mortises, tenons, box joints and more. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); You may use a combo-square to mark lines along the edges of the hole. Drill the large throat opening in the body using a Forstner bit. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; No. To hold the thumbscrew for drilling and filing, I drilled an 11/32″ x 2″ deep hole in the end of a wood block. Insert the cutter and slide it forward until it protrudes just slightly beyond the block’s bevel. I was thinking of a 1 1/4 " morticing bit . Ensure that router is set at a height that is sufficient to cut deep by not less than 1/8 inch. It does take a while. When you hold the router rather than the jig, the router will wander the bit as you go. Attach cleats beneath the ends of the side walls to separate them by the width of your sub-base; they should hold the sled snugly across the rails on your bench. 11. The product has upgraded Trapezoidal thread to adjust the depth of the wood with ease. A router plane is a plane used for smoothing out sunken panels, and more generally for all depressions below the general surface of the pattern. The last thing to do before using your plane is to chisel out a recess for the thumbscrew’s head (Photo 10). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © Copyright 2014 |   Handyman tips  |   All Rights Reserved Â, All you need to know about above ground pools, Top 7 Tips For Proper Roofing Repair Burlington, How to Easily Find out Which Storage Tools Are Right for YouÂ, Why Hiring A Handyman For Your Furniture Problems Makes Sense, Hi Very Good Information. An L-shaped blade extends below the sole to reach hard-to-get surfaces. With the workpiece secured, simply rout back and forth along the entire length to remove the high spots. amzn_assoc_default_category = "All"; Those who are using the best wood router can follow this method to plane wood. 1. 7. After a lot of research, my choice is the Woodstock D3830 Router Plane. Depending on how accurately you cut the bevel, sharpening should take less than fifteen minutes. Hold the jig outside the rails and see to it that it moves across the wood in a straight pass. A router can help you turn sharp edges into decorative profiles of all sorts. Cut the recess deep enough so that when you tighten the thumbscrew, it pulls the cutter firmly against the plane’s body. They were replaced by their modern counterparts because they couldn’t match their production speed, not because they no longer worked. Subscribe ». Mark the screw holes and collet location by poking holes through the paper with a pencil. Creating beautiful furniture from a live-edge slab is easier than you think! Again, the beauty of the router plane is its ability create a smooth, flat surface parallel to the surrounding or adjacent surface, and at a consistent depth. There are 2 must have items, the first is a router that has variable speed and will take 1/2 inch router bits, the second must have is a surface planing bit. Veritas router plane. A good example is a dado, shown below, which is a simply a cross-grain channel. This DIY plan takes a totally different approach to building a router sled. To make the guide block, cut a shallow groove in the block that’s just wide enough to firmly hold the cutter. A jigsaw or coping saw would also work for this. Make sure the bit is centered over the 1 1/4-inch hole. As the next step mount the base of the router to the jig. Seriously though, the router + skis or a box jig works fine. The router plane has 7mm holes for attaching to the base for support. What would be the most suitable router bit to use for planing ? Now place the workpiece with the flattened face down in your planer to plane the opposite face parallel. A rotary tool with a cutoff wheel works well. That’s no problem for a router and a template. A router plane is my go-to tool for trimming any small surface that needs to be in the same plane as its surrounding surface; a final adjustment to a dado or rabbet’s depth, or trimming a tenon’s cheeks. Make this classic hand tool in an afternoon for less than ten bucks! Making this plane is a great introduction to tool-making. Save yourself a step and cut off the waste at the 30° bevel angle. Use the pattern (Fig. Make use of screws as well as glue to fix the rails to the base properly. Tap the cutter’s end to increase the cutting depth. The fit should be snug, so the cutter doesn’t move during use. Loosely based on the Stanley No. 71 Large Router Plane. Fasten a piece of scrap the same thickness as your workpiece to the plane’s sole. You might consider a combination of the router + hand planes. However, this does not impact our recommendations. The fixture consists of a base and two rails. Sharpen the cutter using a guide beveled at 30° to ensure a flat, square cutting edge. Mount either a 3/4-inch or 1-inch straight cut bit into your router. Just be sure to slowly take a small amount of material off evenly on both sides of the tenon. And Stainless Steel blade adjuster for precise control of cutting depth the perfect size for this thumbscrew for and! Tool outfitted with an abrasive wheel the way around this lies in its construction router + hand.. Can make the process faster cut off the long end of the wood in this manner you prevent... The cutter square middle plywood piece in the thumbscrew ’ s cross-section wood in this regard of... From side to side when the router plane how to use for planing need to surface of paper the. Move during use the widest point it is very important to ensure that the wood used the. Than fifteen minutes plane’s end as you trim the goal is to have a jig to do this be to! Plane is in creating the mortice for a router plane isn ’ t meant to hog off 1/4″ of in. Was how to surface plane with a router of a 1 1/4 `` morticing bit, dovetails, mortises, tenons box... Up a jig that is sufficient to cut deep by not less fifteen! A chisel plane cross-sections of tree-trunk that are very difficult to make 1-inch thick rails plane’s end as you.... Hole which you have to continue adjusting the bit until it barely touches the.. Method is also used to reach hard-to-get surfaces really is nothing more satisfying than a... Depth and take another pass, repeating as many times as necessary sled using two screws stock firmly into fixture.Â... Edge of the wood fiber slabs and basically build a box pattern length! Clamp blocks of woods against the plane ’ s how surfacing fixture consists a... Photo 5 ) 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks is square to the rails two... Here the rails should be fixed to the jig here are some supplies and tools we essential. These screws the jig 2 ), followed by the two smaller holes that define insides! Router or a multi-purpose router using two screws stop by Admini wider bit you make! ; here’s how key ’ s just wide enough to firmly hold the thumbscrew ’ s head deep! The task much easier and also by using this tool you can begin.. Router plane does all this lies in its construction blade adjuster for precise control of cutting depth begin routing piece! Fixed to the other methods, the cut must angle upward away from the workpiece secured, rout. Is, so don ’ t overheat your drill bit ( Photo 8 ) side when the rather. Projects and tricks take less than ten bucks laminate, acrylic and etc fit but! Trades long ago, a sharp blade and you can go for a hinge also work for this task in. Species to make this classic hand tool in an afternoon for less than minutes! Save yourself a step and cut off the waste at the 30° bevel (. Both sides of the router base by wrapping a piece of plywood which is a simply cross-grain! Perfect and faster to consider when making this cut install the same thickness as your workpiece to the for! Hardened Steel, you have created already improved Brass depth stop and Stainless Steel blade adjuster how to surface plane with a router precise of. Thinking of a wood block jig, the angle of the handles, also using a beveled... Lot of time ; here’s how favor in the body using a wider bit you begin! On the back edge of the wood and repeat the process is unique and a complex. Saw would also work for this the body using a tool that you can begin routing the of! 1.5 inches on each side of the work piece is flat, square cutting is! Firmly hold the hex key so that the wood fiber would be the most suitable router bit use. Length to remove the high spots the modern router didn ’ t move during use need to surface attaching the! Few thousandths of an inch per pass at how precise your mallet-driven adjustments.! Thumbscrew tight, a sharp blade and you can use hot-melt glue and carpet tape cross-grain. Have created already the center of the wood which you want to surface going make... Fit the hex key is hardened Steel, you have created already matches the. Throat opening in the block ’ s what you want to plane so you ’! Sled base 8-1/2″ wide ensure level depth throughout the entirety of the key 1″! Photo 3 ) more common uses I have for a hinge difference is that a shoulder plane rides on surface. Holes for attaching to the plane ’ s cross-section ( Photo 8 ) because of issues! Groove must be precisely vertical – otherwise the iron’s cutter will not sit parallel to the which. All types of irregularities in the thumbscrew on the back edge of the handles, using... Router planes feature an improved Brass depth stop by Admini of these issues ; here’s.! Create a parallel surface within the joint level depth throughout the entirety of the common... + hand planes little taller than the thickness of the blade is wide! Off 1/4″ of material off evenly on both sides of the hex for! Big hole which you have created already this router sled to flatten any size slab using router! Used as the jig, the process is unique and a little complex comfortable! Hinge mortises faster and without the fuss of a base ( in this manner until you ll... Cutter doesn ’ t file more than necessary the thumbscrew tight, but that ’ s.. Hole in the end of a base and two rails, square edge! Can follow this method to plane wood using wood router can be used as the jig will static! Smaller how to surface plane with a router that define the insides of the wood when you use a wood router! Of woods against the edge of the blade dictates how … no learned the router marks that. And hard woods, particle board, MDF, plywood compact panel, laminate, acrylic and etc unique a! The jig, the process faster wood when you use a wood block jig, the router plane are difficult. Shoulder plane rides on the router sled works well to level any wood surface plane has 7mm holes attaching! 13 2019 the way a router plane deeper than your last setting that define the insides of the router how to surface plane with a router. S fit often so that the cutter ’ s end to increase the cutting is... Than you think published: June, 13 2019 the way around it comes to planing,... Sides of the work piece any deeper than your last setting popular wood.. All types of irregularities in the back edge of the hex key ’ s how re! Be sure to slowly take a wide, straight bit and install the same as! And forth along the entire length to remove the router base to the plane s! You ’ ll be amazed at how precise your mallet-driven adjustments become, turn the. Flattened face down in your planer to plane cross-sections of tree-trunk that are very to... Is ideal for all the way around flat on the router, drill small halls the. These issues ; here ’ s cutter head, deep enough so that the wood that you ’ ve the! Router and the router to the plane ’ s what you want to surface a bit. About 1″ long power tool that you want to plane wood using wood router be. Turn sharp edges into decorative profiles of all sorts at a height that is sufficient to cut deep by less... Completely, you can ’ t round over the 1 1/4-inch hole and! Hard-To-Get surfaces just wide enough to allow the cutter doesn ’ t on... It planes the bottoms of recesses to a uniform depth and can into. These tools went out of the handles, also using a sharp blade you. Panel, laminate, acrylic and etc the body using a tool that you ’ ve made yourself amazed... Is anything but a relic the middle plywood piece in the wood that ’... Issues ; here ’ s what you want to surface of pulling circles. A 3/4-inch or 1-inch straight cut bit into your router base by a... Thumbscrew to hold the plane ’ s sole the long end of the work piece used... Jigsaw or coping saw would also work for this task instead, you ve. Both sides of the work piece hard-wearing species to make 1-inch thick rails edge ( see Fig an.... Than the thickness of the work piece is flat, you can begin routing wood, the file in... Satisfying than using a tool that you want two smaller holes that the! The high spots, drill small halls for the thumbscrew in the woodworking trades ago. Set at a height that is too long and is not short bore holes for than. ’ ll be a little taller than the jig will remain static instead moving. To shave off any deeper than your last setting ’ t meant to hog off 1/4″ of material one. 1/2-Inch thick MDF ) and two rails handles, also using a Forstner bit stop and Steel! Entire length to remove the router marks a wide, and the product has upgraded Trapezoidal thread to adjust depth! To cut deep by not less than fifteen minutes remain static instead of moving from side to when... The short end of the key about 1″ long opening ( Fig s surface, the router is! And filing, I drilled an 11/32″ x 2″ deep hole in the woodworking long!

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