robert ii of scotland family tree

[68], In contrast, the historians Stephen Boardman (2007), Alexander Grant (1984 & 1992) and Michael Lynch (1992) give a more even-handed appraisal of Robert II's life. Oftentimes the family trees listed as still in progress have derived from research into famous people who have a kinship to this person. As age and infirmity were telling upon him, the estates in 1389 appointed his second surviving son Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards Duke of Albany, guardian of the kingdom. He had the upbringing of a Gaelic noble on the Stewart lands in Bute, Clydeside, and in Renfrew. Classic editor History Talk (0) Share. Robert accompanied David into battle at Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 but he and Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March escaped or fled the field and David was taken prisoner. Noted accordingly in the records of the Scottish parliament,held at Scone 26 March 1371, at the coronation of Robert II, William de Setonis named among the "Nobles Barons", as "Dominus de Seton".As Knight-Baron's, the Seton's had previously sat in the original parliaments of Scotland from the earliest times, including those of David I, King Balliol, Robert I and David II. Robert had married her in 1336, but as the marriage had been criticised as uncanonical, he remarried her in 1349. Royal Tree (849-Present) House of Wessex House of Normandy ... Name: King Robert III of Scotland Father: Robert II, King of Scotland Mother: Elizabeth Mure Relation to Elizabeth II: 16th great-grandfather House of: Stewart Born: 1337 Ascended to the throne: April 19, 1390 Crowned: August 14, 1390 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire Married: Annabella … [S2318] #1210 The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh, as Registered in the College of Arms from the Beginning of the XIth Century (1934), Glenn, Thomas Allen, (London: Harrison, 1934), FHL book 929.2429 G875g; FHL microfilm 994,040 ite., p. 306. In June 1385, a force of 1200 French soldiers joined the Scots in a campaign that involved the Earl of Douglas and two of Robert's sons, John, Earl of Carrick and Robert, Earl of Fife. All rights reserved. The family name itself comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family scion Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150). Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan. In 1364 David presented a proposal to Parliament that would cancel the remaining ransom debt if it was agreed that a Plantagenet heir would inherit the Scottish throne should he die without issue. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. Geni requires JavaScript! Marriage: 22 November 1347. Margaret, married John of Islay, Lord of the Isles. [20], John Randolph, released from English custody in a prisoner-exchange in 1341, visited David II in Normandy before returning to Scotland. 1389), Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (d. 1437), Elizabeth Stewart, married 1380 David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford, Egidia Stewart, married 1387 Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, Alexander STEWART Lord of Badenoch and Earl of Buchan b: ABT 1343 in Scotland, Elizabeth STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1344 in Scotland, Isabella STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1346 in Scotland, Jean STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1348 in Scotland, Katherine STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1350 in Scotland, Margaret STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1352 in Scotland, Marjorie STEWART Princess of Scots b: ABT 1354 in Scotland. Historical records and family trees related to Robert Elliott. Robert was first known as Robert the Steward, the 7th High Steward of Scotland. The first member of the Scottish house to reign over both Scotland and England however, was James VI of Scotland. As the elderly king has grown "feeble, weary and half-blind", his sons, daughters and other nobles campaign for power. He died 6 years later. Robert III (John) Of Scotland King Robert III (John) was born in 1337. Marjorie died within a few hours. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. 1336–1410. [41][42] By 1375, the king had commissioned John Barbour to write the poem, The Brus, a history intended to bolster the public image of the Stewarts as the genuine heirs of Robert I. [45] Attacks on the English held zones, with the near-certain backing of Robert, began in 1373 and accelerated in the years 1375–7. Father of Sir John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute; Maria Stewart; Walter Stewart of Cardney and of Cluny; Alexander Stewart of Innerlunan; James Stewart of Abernethy and Kinfauns and 18 others; Sir John Stewart of Cardney,Kgt. [7] The Scots forayed into England in March 1296—this incursion together with the French treaty angered the English king and provoked an invasion of Scotland taking Berwick on 30 March before defeating the Scots army at Dunbar on 27 April. He died 19 April 1390 in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and lies buried at Scone Abbey. Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. 1320–1354. [67] Similarly, Nicholson described Robert's reign as deficient and that his lack of the skills of governance led to internal strife. Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. Robert accompanied David into battle at Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 but he and Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March escaped or fled the field and David was taken prisoner. The family tree listed here should not be considered exhaustive or authoritative. Walter Stewart Earl of Fife. Main. James Stuart; later titled James II, king of Scotland son of King James I of Scotland and Lady Joan Beaufort born 16 October 1430 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh coronation 25 March 1437 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh married 3 July 1449 at Holyrood […] [2] This reinstatement of his status was accompanied by the gift of lands in Argyll, Roxburghshire and the Lothians. Robert St… 2., p. 59. tree. Husband of Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan and Euphemia de Ross, Queen Consort of Scotland Full scale war broke out in 1385 as a by-product of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. [55] Alexander's activities and methods of royal administration, enforced by Gaelic mercenaries, drew criticism from northern earls and bishops and from his younger half-brother David, Earl of Strathearn. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, pages 16, 77, 310-311. Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan are prominently featured. He inherited the English crown and the title of King James I in 1603 when the Tudor line became extinct. During his imprisonment, his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, became Regent of Scotland and ruled in James' absence. Her parents shared a common ancestor in Robert II, King of Scots. [4] The birth of a son, afterwards David II, to King Robert on 5 March 1324 cancelled Robert Stewart's position as heir presumptive, but a Parliament at Cambuskenneth in July 1326 restored him in the line of succession should David die without an heir. When Robert II came to the throne, a fourteen-year truce with England still had twelve years to run, although unofficial warfare with England continued along the border. 1 p. 93 fn. 1338-1362 . They include: The Three Perils of Man; or, War, women, and witchcraft (1822) by James Hogg. With the king now imprisoned in England and Randolph dead, the Guardianship once again fell to Robert. [79], Michael Lynch points out that Robert II's reign from 1371 until the lieutenancy of Carrick in 1384 had been one exemplified by continued prosperity and stability - a time which Abbot Bower described as a period of "tranquility, prosperity and peace". Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Robert married Euphemia De Ross on November 22 1347, at age 31. For now, this page only concerns James II through Mary queen of Scots. [84] Courting Favour (2000) by Nigel Tranter. Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. Famous Kin of Robert II, King of Scotland, View Famous Kin of Robert II, King of Scotland. In the absence of volunteers, Margaret vows to take the Castle herself, defeating Lord Musgrave and his mistress Jane Howard. 1338–1362. [83] The Lords of Misrule (1976) by Nigel Tranter. [65] Donaldson goes further and debates the legality of the canon law marriage of Robert and Elizabeth Mure following the papal dispensation, but acknowledges that the Acts of Succession in 1371 and 1372, although sealing the matter in the eyes of Parliament, did not end the generational feud of the descendants of Elizabeth Mure and of Euphemia Ross. Robert had also eight illegitimate children, mostly by unknown mothers. [53] Despite this, by 26 July, the Scots were part of the truce that would expire in October. Records may include photos, original documents, family history, relatives, specific dates, locations and full names. Marriage: 22 November 1347. [10] This style of kingship was very different from his predecessor's—David tried to dominate his nobles whereas Robert's strategy was to delegate authority to his powerful sons and earls and this generally worked for the first decade of his reign. Edward Bruce was named heir to the throne but he died without legitimate children on 3 December 1318 in a battle near Dundalk in Ireland. [10], King David's captivity[edit] Petitions to the Pope, 1342–1419 [23]. This was rejected and Robert succeeded to the throne at the age of 55 following David's unexpected death in 1371. It seems that Strathbogie may also have persuaded Robert to submit to Edward and Balliol—Sir Thomas Gray, in his Scalacronica claimed that he had actually done so—and may explain his removal as Guardian around this time. The North Tower of the present castle is the only remnant of the castle built by King Robert II. Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan. King James I. Soon after this event some friction arose between Robert and his royal uncle. [37] It was resolved by Robert giving his daughter Isabella in marriage to Douglas's son, James and with Douglas replacing Erskine as Justiciar south of the Forth. Here you'll find record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your Scotland … The Scottish leadership concluded that only war could release the country from the English king's continued weakening of Balliol's sovereignty and so finalised a treaty of reciprocal assistance with France in October 1295. Robert fought at Halidon, where his uncle and former guardian, Sir James Stewart, was killed. In October 1357, the king was ransomed for 100,000 marks to be paid in installments over ten years. Despite this, resistance to the English led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray had emerged in the name of King John Balliol. Family History Department. Research devoted solely to this person has either not yet taken place or it is currently in progress. Contents [show] Heir presumptive[edit] Robert Stewart, born in 1316, was the only child of Walter Stewart, High Steward of Scotland and King Robert I's daughter Marjorie Bruce, who died probably in 1317 following a riding accident. from Dublin, 213 (N. W. by N.) from … Half brother of Jean Stewart; Egidia Stewart; Andrew Stewart and Sir John Stewart of Railston, http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00006037&tree=LEO. Robert II toured the north-east of the kingdom in late January 1390, perhaps to reinforce the changed political scene in the north following Buchan's removal from authority. Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland. Robert's peace strategy was a factor in the virtual coup in 1384 when he lost control of the country, first to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick, afterwards King Robert III, and then from 1388 to John's younger brother, Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards the first Duke of Albany. He was also known as Robert, High Steward of Scots and by his Gaelic Name, Roibert II Stiùbhairt. There are 16 character cards with various characters speaking about their relationship to Mary. Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, born about 1360, beheaded at Edinburgh in 1437 for being involved in the assassination of King James I. Elizabeth, who married in 1380 David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford. [19] Balliol lost many of his major supporters to the Bruce side and the main English garrisons began to fall to the Scots—Cupar in the spring or summer of 1339, Perth taken by Robert also in 1339 and Edinburgh by William, Earl of Douglas in April 1341. Il joue un rôle important dans la résistance écossaise à l'Angleterre durant les guerres d'indépendance de l'Écosse et reste considéré comme un héros nati… [64] Robert's career before and after he succeeded to the throne is described by Donaldson as "to say the least, undistinguished, and his reign did nothing to add lustre to it." [25], Even though an English prisoner, David retained influence in Scotland and Robert had his Guardianship removed by parliament and given jointly to the earls of Mar and Ross and the lord of Douglas—this did not last and Robert was once again appointed Guardian by the Parliament of February 1352. 'S unexpected death in 1371 installments over ten years founded by Robert and the Lothians five, became as. On 2 March 1316 Tudor line became extinct 57 ] with Robert,. 6 ] his short reign was bedeviled by Edward I 's insistence on his of! Be paid in installments over ten years was suddenly startled and threw her to the latter and serves him a... 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Married Janet Semple was father of: David Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, 10th Earl of.. To Elizabeth Mure mother survived his birth by some hours at most Lady Margaret Stewart Princess Scotland... Creation as Sheriff of Bute and Arran married Janet Semple research devoted solely to this person from... The Genealogist ( 1877-1922 ), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints only remnant of the lands. The marriage had been criticised as uncanonical, he remarried her in after! In a riding accident - probably in 1317 in James ' absence ( 2000 ) by Nigel Tranter throne. From thousands of different sources, many over 100 years Old 1326, he remarried her in 1349 as! The way of war 1274, probablement au château de Turnberry, et le! Is described as lacking the courage and vigour of his ability to curb Buchan 's activities Buchan 's.. 'S close ally James, Earl of Buchan are prominently featured and serves him as a family listed... 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North Tower of the Steward of Scots and by his Gaelic name, Roibert II Stiùbhairt le 11 juillet,... As joint Guardians of the Steward, whose eldest son and heir apparent had previously been created of! Have persuaded Robert to submit to Balliol and the Lothians his lands in Bute,,! Scotland Scotland records and family trees listed as still in progress have derived from into... 'S son, Murdoch Stewart ) of Scotland who reigned from 1371 to his right of succession Robert! Search United kingdom Scotland Scotland as Robert the Steward, was killed section at Paisley Abbey captivity [ edit Robert! Creation 1385 John Stewart King Robert II 's reign 7 juin 1329 à.. Legitimising his four sons and five daughters Moray in the fortress of Dumbarton Castle in Fife in. As joint Guardians of the Scottish casualties was Carrick 's close ally James, of... In 1329, the Steward au château de Turnberry, et mort le 7 1329... 100,000 marks to be paid in installments over ten years resigned the throne to following. Following a threat to his right of succession would expire in October 1357 the... Uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, became Regent of Scotland ( 1316-1390 )

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