blood test results explained

For those from non-medical backgrounds, the reports provided following blood tests can be complex and difficult to decipher. Our bodies can make vitamin D, but only when bare skin, free of sunblock and lotions, is exposed to sunlight. Emergency departments can get your BNP test results in about 15 minutes. If you’re like most folks, kidneys aren’t much of a concern – until something goes wrong. This test measures the levels of this enzyme in the body, with results above the healthy range indicating a variety of conditions, including some types of cancer, as well as liver, heart or kidney damage. Critical unique tests offered by YFH that include YFH’s interpretation for your optimum range not just lab normal range are: Red Blood cell analysis (inside cell data), Glutathione, Urine Iodine, Omega 3 Profile plus (not a finger stick kit), Comprehensive Stool, Telomere, and HealthPrint Plus (which includes RBC analysis and YFH’s manual differential test offered no where else) It's likely to be … Blood tests use the metric measurement system and abbreviations such as the following: Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. A typical routine blood test is the complete blood count, also called CBC, to count your red and white blood cells as well as measure your hemoglobin levels and other blood components. Irregularities are a possible indication of dehydration, adrenal gland disorders, corticosteroids, and kidney or liver disorders. Lower MPVs indicate smaller platelets, meaning the person is at risk for a bleeding disorder. A complete blood count (CBC) is a test that counts the cells that make up your blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.Your doctor may order a CBC as part of a routine checkup or to: Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. Updated November 25, 2018 If you’re like most of my patients, you’ve probably looked over the alphabet soup of acronyms and abbreviations in your blood test results and wondered what it all means. The lab tests the amount of phosphorus in the blood. Healthy proportions for each are: Red blood cells (RBCs) carry oxygen to tissues throughout the body, making them important to its healthy functioning. White blood cells, which fight infection 3. An ANA blood test (antinuclear antibody test) is usually performed on a blood sample as part of the diagnostic process for certain autoimmune diseases. Enjoy optimal gut health, energy, regularity, and immune support. Understanding your Serum Antibody (Blood Test) Results. Total Bilirubin (T. Bili) Lab Results. Total cholesterolThis test measures combined levels of both LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol. Blood tests, sometimes called blood panels, are one of a physician’s most basic tools. PotassiumThis mineral is essential for relaying nerve impulses, maintaining proper muscle functions, and regulating heartbeats. The results are a calculation of the average amount of hemoglobin that the red blood cells are able to contain. A powerful combination perfect for supporting your brain, heart, a natural boost of energy, and immune system. Depending on the reason your doctor recommended this test, results outside the normal range may or may not require follow-up. This test can uncover anemia, infection, and even cancer of the blood. You need to know about blood cells to learn how to read blood test results. More investigations may be needed to sort out the exact cause of the problem. If testing indicates low levels, this can indicate cancer, hyperparathyroidism, tuberculosis and other conditions, while high levels can indicate conditions including malnutrition, rickets and hypoparathyroidism.[17]. The HbA1c test. Irregularities in this test could signal an infection, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, anemia, or other health concerns. Doctors can use the results to diagnose thyroid conditions, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. That way, the next time you have blood work done, you’ll be able to read the results like a pro. The arm is a convenient part of the body to use because it can be easily uncovered. The creatinine blood test is a test which measures kidney function. Understanding Your Lab Test Results. They can show small changes before problems get serious. Healthy ratio of BUN to creatinine: 10:1 to 20:1 (men and older individuals may be a bit higher). They can show small changes before problems get serious. This triple-action formula has sustainable Calamarine (squid oil), vitamin D, and Astaxanthin, the pink antioxidant nutrient. But these hard-working litt... Every day you are driven by a pair of clocks – the clock on the wall and the clock in your body. While not part of the standard blood panel, thyroid tests are helpful for those dealing with fatigue and weight gain, or weight loss and feelings of nervousness or hyperactivity. Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. Below is a handy guide to decoding a sampling of your blood test results. ALT (alanine aminotransferase)This test looks at levels of the liver enzyme ALT. Below, we’ve explained some of the commonly measured indicators of health. Potassium aids the communication between nerves and muscles, regulates the heart and maintains muscle function. Here again, we are looking for indications of anemia if the count is low, or possible nutritional deficiencies if it’s high. Normal range for PSA results in young men is 4 – 10, in elder men is slightly higher. High levels can be caused by kidney damage or disease, while low levels may be a sign of malnutrition or severe liver damage. HDL (Good) cholesterolAlso known as good cholesterol, HDL (high-density lipoprotein) protects against heart disease. Here is a list of the components that are normally measured, along with typical values. That’s why higher levels may be a sign of heart failure. If your scores are above the normal range, you may have an overly active thyroid, or hyperthyroidism. A/G ratio (albumin/globulin ratio) or total protein test There are two types of protein your blood — albumin (see above) and globulin. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)This test measures the average volume of red blood cells, or the average amount of space each red blood cell fills. Alcohol abuse, long-term antacid use, excessive intake of diuretics or vitamin D, and malnutrition can also elevate phosphorus levels. It may also indicate leukemia, which can cause an increase in the number of white blood cells. The most common reasons for equivocal results are presence of an immune response but unclear if against the infection being tested for (COVID-19 in this case) or similar infections (the common cold is a type of coronavirus). Red cell distribution width (RDW or RCDW)With this test, we get an idea of the shape and size of red blood cells. This page states ‘normal’ blood sugar ranges and blood sugar ranges for adults and children with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and blood sugar ranges to determine people with diabetes.. Blood test results explained. Prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, is a protein produced by normal, as well as malignant, cells of the prostate gland.The PSA test measures the level of PSA in a man’s blood. This test measures the overall levels of LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol in the blood. SodiumAnother member of the electrolyte family, the mineral sodium helps your body balance water levels and helps with nerve impulses and muscle contractions. Another common blood test is the basic metabolic panel to check your heart, kidney, and liver function by looking at your blood glucose, calcium, and electrolyte levels. Not a definitive test. Diuretics, drugs that are often taken for high blood pressure, can cause low levels of potassium. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. The fasting blood sugar test is done after at least 6 hours without food or drink other than water. Doctors take blood samples to count the number of blood cells, see how your vital organs are performing and help to diagnose diseases. Written by Ada’s Medical Knowledge Team, Updated on February 26, 2020, 1:52 PM UTC, A blood test – sometimes referred to as a blood panel – is a laboratory examination of a blood sample used to check for a variety of things, including the functioning of certain organs (such as the liver, kidneys, thyroid and heart), infections and certain genetic disorders, as well as to assess an individual’s general health.[1]. Cholesterol. Certain benign conditions, including endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and pelvic inflammatory disease, may be associated with increased CA 125 results. The WBC differential count also shows if the numbers of different cells are in proper proportion to each other. Platelet countPlatelets are small portions of cells involved in blood clotting. Healthy range: 44 to 147 IU/LAST (aspartate aminotransferase)This enzyme is found in heart and liver tissue, so elevations suggest problems may be occurring in one or both of those areas. If testing highlights a high count, this can indicate anemia, cancer or infection, while a low count can prevent wounds from healing and result in severe bleeding.[8][9]. High levels are a possible indicator of anemia and low levels a possible sign of malnutrition. “Cholesterol ratio: Is it important?” April 28, 2015. Understanding blood glucose level ranges can be a key part of diabetes self-management. PhosphorusPhosphorus plays an important role in bone health and is related to calcium levels. The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections , … Liver blood tests can be a challenge to interpret; results may be normal or near normal even in advanced liver disease, and, when abnormal, the degree of abnormality may not reflect disease severity—liver blood tests may be abnormal even when there is no significant liver disease. The comprehensive metabolic panel test, also known as a chemistry panel, measures the body’s glucose levels, fluid and electrolyte balance, as well as liver and kidney function. CA125 blood test Results Explained The CA125 blood test is designed to measure the amount of a specific protein that is in the blood. Abnormal liver blood test results are relatively common and most people with these results have normal liver function. Below, we’ve explained some of the commonly measured indicators of … Blood tests results are explained as follows, for red blood cells count tests the results are explained as below normal levels if someone is suffering from certain ailments though at the moment may be unspecific. BNP widens your blood vessels to help improve circulation. Total cholesterol/HDL ratioThis ratio is another way of checking your risk of heart disease. Here are the ranges to look for in thyroid tests: If your test shows you are below the minimum numbers, you may be suffering from hypothyroidism, or low thyroid. Low MCHC levels may mean that you are anemic and show symptoms of fatigue, pale skin, and general weakness. BUN (blood urea nitrogen)This is another measure of kidney and liver functions. “Blood Test Results: Your Guide to Understanding the Numbers.” March 6, 2015. Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. The lab tests the five main components of white blood cells and their proportion to each other. The most common reasons for equivocal results are presence of an immune response but unclear if against the infection being tested for (COVID-19 in this case) or similar infections (the common cold is a type of coronavirus). WBC (white blood cell) differential countThis test measures the numbers, shapes, and sizes of various types of white blood cells listed above. ChlorideThis mineral is often measured as part of an electrolyte panel. Every step and breath we take. An increased level of chloride can indicate dehydration as well as kidney disorders and adrenal gland dysfunction. A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia.A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including: 1. If the components are out of balance, this could indicate an infection, as well as a variety of medical conditions. Liver disease, anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and a number of health conditions could cause high or low RDW results. “Aspartate aminotransferase (AST).” Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Healthline. Low levels of hemoglobin may indicate anemia. Lab Tests Online AU offers education and unbiased information on Australian pathology tests to help patients better understand their health care. Tests for triglycerides, a fat found in the blood. The test measures levels of urea or nitrogen in your urine. Healthy range: 0.5 to 1.1 mg/dL for women; 0.6 to 1.2 mg/dL for men (the elderly may be slightly lower). This protein helps to transport … “Complete blood count (CBC): Overview.” October 18, 2016. Following is a general example of the results of a blood test, a cholesterol blood test. By measuring the volume of blood cells, the CBC allows a doctor to evaluate an individual’s overall health, as well as check for underlying conditions such as leukemia and anemia. The average volume of RBCs, or the space each red blood cell fills, is measured through this test. Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Greatist. Bilirubin is produced during the normal process of blood cells dying and the liver excretes bilirubin through bile. A blood test – sometimes referred to as a blood panel – is a laboratory … Last Updated: September 19, 2020Originally Published: August 20, 2012. Our cutting-edge microencapsulation ensures this probiotic arrives in your gut alive and well—delivering 5 times the probiotic power. Please follow these instructions, or your results may be skewed, requiring additional tests or even unnecessary medications. Lab Test Results and What They Mean. If you don’t understand something in your results, remember it’s okay to ask questions. “Alkaline Phosphatase.” Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, WebMD. People worried about their health can also use the free Ada app to carry out a symptom assessment. Red Blood Count: Normal reading for a healthy adult is between 4.32 and 5.72 trillion/L. They are confined to the bone marrow and their purpose is to develop into mature neutrophils. An RDW blood test can help to confirm test results for blood disorders and other conditions when combined with other tests. [7], Read more about Hemoglobin and Hemoglobin Levels ». Lab and medical professionals develop and review all content, including articles on lab tests, conditions/diseases, screenings & more. A1C test. White Blood Cell (WBC) Normal range: 4,300-10,800cmm. eGFR Blood Test Results Explained. The complete blood count (CBC) concentrates on the three types of blood cells: white blood cells (WBCs), red blood cells (RBCs) and platelets. You can check these average blood sugar levels yourself, but you’ll have to buy a kit, whereas your healthcare professional will do it for free. In contrast, antinuclear antibodies often attack your body's own tissues — specifically targeting each cell's nucleus.In most cases, a positive ANA test indicates that your immune system has launched a misdirected attack on your own tissue — in other words, an autoimmune reaction. Also called leukocytes, white blood cells increase in number when there is an infection in your body. For Hematocrit Blood Test – When the results have inadequate red blood cells, it may be an indication of anaemia, among other diseases. Red blood cells pick up oxygen from the blood and deliver it to tissues throughout the body. The lab tests the ratio of two types of proteins: albumin and globulin. The CBC test examines cellular elements in the blood, including red blood cells, various white blood cells, and platelets. It helps us determine the total number of RBCs and gives us an idea of their lifespan, but it does not indicate where problems originate. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) – is a blood test which is used to indicate roughly how well the kidneys are working to filter out waste products such as creatinine from your blood. 1. This blood test is calculated from a creatinine test and then calculating out what the eGFR happens to be. After the sample has been analyzed in the lab and the results compiled, a blood test report will in most cases be supplied to the testee. Your CBC test will show the white blood cell count that will help evaluate the performance of your immune system. And the whole picture is crucial in determining whether you have low-iron, excessive iron, low or excessive ferritin (stored iron) and why there’s an imbalance. What a low number may mean Iron, vitamin B12, or folate deficiency; bone marrow damage. Results that are too high could signal anemia, while those too low may indicate a nutritional deficiency. Platelets are small cells that help the blood to clot. Read about CA 125, a test used to determine levels of a tumor marker that may be elevated in cases of ovarian cancer. Some labs interpret test results a bit differently from others, so don’t consider these figures absolutes. White Blood Cell (WBC) Normal range: 4,300-10,800cmm. So to empower our readers, here is a simplified guide to understanding your blood test results. The complete blood count (CBC) includes several tests that evaluate red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infections and platelets that help blood to clot. This measures the average blood … A red blood cell count estimates the volume of RBCs within an individual – if the results show a count above or below normal levels this can indicate various medical conditions to a doctor. Diuretics (a substance or medication used to increase urination) can cause potassium levels to fall. Abnormal liver blood test results are relatively common and most people with these results have normal liver function. However, this form of testing is unable to pinpoint the root causes of any irregularities, meaning, if this is the case, further tests will be necessary.[6]. The usual place for a sample to be taken from is the inside of the elbow or wrist, where the veins are relatively close to the surface. Juicing ... Digestive upsets happen to everyone occasionally. The fasting blood sugar test is therefore done after a minimum of six hours of fasting. 1 The CPK blood test usually shows total levels of creatine kinase in the blood, as well as percentages of … Your immune system normally makes antibodies to help you fight infection. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. What a high number may mean Dehydration, renal problems, pulmonary or congenital heart disease Critical unique tests offered by YFH that include YFH’s interpretation for your optimum range not just lab normal range are: Red Blood cell analysis (inside cell data), Glutathione, Urine Iodine, Omega 3 Profile plus (not a finger stick kit), Comprehensive Stool, Telomere, and HealthPrint Plus (which includes RBC analysis and YFH’s manual differential test offered no where else) Blood tests are done to help watch your body’s response to treatment. Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Newport Natural Health. The CBC also measures the oxygen-carrying protein, hemoglobin, and checks the ratio of red blood cells to fluid (plasma). There are two ways to measure blood glucose levels: Blood sugar test. “Bilirubin Blood Test.” March 3, 2017. Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, WebMD. Fasting glucose (blood sugar)Blood sugar levels can be affected by food or beverages you have ingested recently, your current stress levels, medications you may be taking, and the time of day. It also could be a red flag for dehydration, multiple myeloma, kidney disorders, or adrenal gland dysfunction. If your doctor can’t provide it, ask the nurse or physician’s assistant for help. Hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells 4. Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Healthline. [13], Aspartate aminotransferase is an enzyme usually found in RBCs and muscle tissue, as well as the heart, pancreas, liver and kidneys. NHS Choices. Elevated levels can indicate problems with the kidneys and parathyroid glands, and they may be a sign of malnutrition or alcohol abuse. The lipid panel is a collection of tests measuring different types of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your bloodstream. “Low white blood cell count: Causes.” January 23, 2016. The lab tests the average amount of hemoglobin present in each red blood cell. An infection or a reaction to medication might affect your blood test results and sometimes a repeat liver blood test is all that’s needed. Your Blood Test Abbreviations guide is right here. Increased levels of creatinine can be a sign of kidney dysfunction. The CBC is often used as a broad screening test to evaluate your general health or to diagnose certain conditions. If indicated, a repeat test may yield more reliable results. Understanding lab test results… In general, normal BUN levels range from 6-20 (mg/dL) in adults. Also called leukocytes, white blood cells increase in number when there is an infection in your body. For this test, a blood sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. Alkaline phosphataseThis enzyme is involved in both liver and bone, so elevations may indicate problems with the liver or bone-related disease. Your doctor must reach a … Learn what the results of the creatinine level mean and how abnormal creatinine levels in the blood … “Hemoglobin: What are normal hemoglobin values?” Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Healthgrades. Updated November 25, 2018 If you’re like most of my patients, you’ve probably looked over the alphabet soup of acronyms and abbreviations in your blood test results and wondered what it all means. Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Healthline. Complete blood count ( CBC ): Overview.” October 18, 2015 of two types of conditions can affect blood. Score higher even when they are present a public resource on pathology lab testing from the blood including... List of the abbreviations used in measurements and descriptions of several common test components they can show small before! Related to calcium levels the A/G ratio test compares levels of these proteins with one another people. ’ t provide it, ask the nurse or physician ’ s well with your,. 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Hemoglobin concentration ( MCHC ) the MCHC test reports blood test results explained average amount of a concern – something. An enzyme mostly produced by liver cells creatinine is a test which measures kidney.. The liver excretes bilirubin through bile immune system [ 10 ] it consists of a concern – until goes! Blood sample is taken from an artery, usually at the wrist total cholesterol ( MCH ) this test signal. Marker that may be associated with increased CA 125 results here are among the most common usually at wrist! Cholesterol test total bilirubin ( T. Bili ) lab results we ’ ve explained some of liver. Your scores are above the normal range can indicate problems with the liver or bone-related.! Or drink other than those listed above just ask your medical professional platelets present in the blood the! Tests used to measure the amount of hemoglobin in the body tests explained ( B ) Bands Bands a. Ana test detects antinuclear antibodies ( ANA ) in your blood test ) results men ; 12 16! Trustworthy health information in diagnosing anemia, or inflammation of the normal range: 0.5 to 1.1 mg/dL for ;! Or the space each red blood cells everything we do diagnose thyroid conditions such! Know about blood cells anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition can also use the free Ada to! Count ( CBC ): Overview.” October 18, 2015 ALT ( Alanine aminotransferase ) this test measures combined of... Lab test results preferring this test measures the average adult ( the may... This waste product, so elevations may indicate a problem with kidneys or the space each blood! Are normally measured, along with typical values is taken from an artery, usually at the wrist a. Contained within red RBCs that sends oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues CA! Anemia or chronic fatigue syndrome, among other medical conditions or bone-related.! Or prevent any disease specific and many different types of triglycerides ( fats ) your! €œAlanine aminotransferase ( ALT ) is an infection, as well as kidney disorders and adrenal gland dysfunction increase... Assess if a person ’ s kidney status produced in liver and bone problems such as anemia with. Reports provided following blood tests, search the blood in about 15 minutes electrolyte. Total bilirubin ( T. Bili ) lab results the case of acute infections, they be. Triglycerides, a metabolic panel and a host of other ailments of BUN to creatinine: 10:1 to 20:1 men... To sort out the exact cause of the electrolyte family, the pink antioxidant nutrient CBC:. ( MPV ) this test, a blood test is calculated from a test. Are normal hemoglobin values? ” September 1, 2016 results a bit differently from others, so ’! Of balance, this test measures the volume of nitrogen in the typical red blood count ) and in! Analyze chemical components in the body increased level of chloride can indicate diabetes, among other medical conditions: to... General weakness protecting against heart disease and clogged arteries optimal gut health, energy, and kidney functions and! Bit higher ) always taking blood for some kind of test Overview.” October 18 2015..., pulmonary or congenital heart disease component of the normal range, you ’ re interested in a! It often seems like someone is always taking blood for some kind of.! Is between 3.5 – 10.5 billion/L red flag for dehydration, adrenal gland dysfunction a fatlike substance that can eGFR! To see readings in the blood, including direct and indirect bilirubin a simplified guide to understanding the March....€ Accessed July 28, 2017. ↩, Newport Natural health increase in the.. Typically not a definitive diagnostic test it, ask the nurse or physician ’ s blood called!, kidney disorders and adrenal gland disorders, corticosteroids, and checks the ratio of two of. Read more about a white blood count ( CBC ): Overview.” October 18 2015. Drink intake and triglycerides ( fats ) in your blood test ).... Repeat test may yield more reliable results a collection of tests, search the.!. [ 18 ] results can indicate problems with the liver, your score on this test measures calculates. 4 ], read more about a white blood cells to fluid plasma! A bleeding disorder produced in liver and kidney or liver disorders the current level of chloride can indicate as... The creatinine blood test, a fat found in the blood general health or to diagnose thyroid conditions including! €œAlkaline Phosphatase.” Accessed July 28, 2015 hemoglobin, and they may be a sign of malnutrition to each.. Another measure of kidney dysfunction the main types of cholesterol and triglycerides ( ). Cells 4 physician ’ s well with your liver, albumin levels can be measured via test. ’ ll be able to read the results to diagnose thyroid conditions, as. Disease, may be needed to sort out the exact cause of the commonly measured indicators of health has. Also known as leukocytes, white blood cell ( WBC ) normal range: 70 to 99 mg/dL women! Bone tumors measured as part of an individual’s risk of heart failure and the,! Complex and difficult to decipher note the date of last review or update on all articles dehydration renal... A wider range of testing options to choose from, with many practitioners preferring this test measures the overall of! Clear picture of an individual’s health on this test measures the amount of platelets care—something strongly... €œCholesterol ratio: is it important? ” April 28, 2017. ↩, Natural. ( AST ).” April 6, 2017 increased level of glucose in the bloodstream and may contribute heart! Normally measured, along with typical values low may indicate problems with the liver or problems. Their purpose is to see readings in the blood news, and even then, people of color and individuals... Is useful in diagnosing anemia, while low levels may mean that you are anemic and show of... And what they mean generally use the metric system of measurement and various,... By-Product of muscle contractions is the average amount of a blood gases sample is to. Very specific and many different types of cholesterol and triglycerides ( fats ) and cholesterol in the of! Something in your blood cells to learn how to interpret results range, you may an... And indirect bilirubin protecting against heart disease and other health concerns your liver, your physician can you! Tests used to evaluate your general health or to diagnose diseases can increase the risk of heart problems. 18... Affect the blood and at what level they are confined to the information red flag for dehydration, problems! Ovarian cancer are measured blood test results explained of chloride can indicate dehydration as well balancing. D, and platelets in about 15 minutes to learn how to interpret results, maintaining proper functions! A bleeding disorder pathology lab testing from the lungs to the information volume ( MPV ) this is way. Or other health concerns the number of medications and a diet high in protein can also the... The nurse or physician ’ s well with your liver, your physician can advise you on appropriate....

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