languages spoken in thailand percentage

Consequently, it is entirely possible to pronounce a word without knowing its definition. French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north) Tonga Languages may have additional speakers outside the Northeast. In Papers from the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, edited by Somsonge Burusphat. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Thailand, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today Different parts of Thailand have different dialects and different ways of speaking, so it can be quite difficult to understand Thai speakers from another part of the country. The monolingual education system is generally seen as ineffective, with one-third of teenagers functionally illiterate. [4] Note that the degree to which language speakers will have shifted in their idiolects towards Central Thai will depend on standard sociolinguistic factors, like age, education, gender, and proximity to an urban center. Business and government leaders in Thailand have led the push to make English-education compulsory for secondary and tertiary-level students. The Isan region in which this dialect is spoken is historically a component of the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, once a Thai province. Owing to the huge percentage of Thai population in the city, Thai Language is the most widely spoken of all major languages and also forms the official language of the place. The figures in the following table are for first language speakers, following Ethnologue. There are different dialects spoken throughout the country, with large enough variation t… [19][20] The 2011 Country Report data is therefore more comprehensive in that it differentiates between the four largest Tai-Kadai languages of Thailand and between languages described as 'local languages' and 'dialects and others' in the census. From a linguistic standpoint, Thai is related closely to the languages o… "Using GIS For Displaying An Ethnolinguistic Map of Thailand." Sukhothai, which was initially established in central Thailand in the early and mid-thirteenth century, represents the first major kingdom of the Thai. Thai, Central Thai (historically Siamese; Thai: ภาษาไทย), is the national language of Thailand and de facto official language; it is the first language of the Central Thai people and most Thai Chinese, depending on age. Moreover, as Thailand never faced any kind of foreign incursion, Thai language has dominated the linguistic map of the country since ages. MARCH 9, 2020 – As invitations to respond to the 2020 Census begin hitting mailboxes this week, the U.S. Census Bureau wants you to know you can respond in more languages than ever before. These tones must be used when speaking for the listener to properly understand what is being conveyed. Different parts of Thailand have different dialects and different ways of speaking, so it can be quite difficult to understand Thai speakers from another part of the country. Ethnolinguistic groups of Thailand with equal to or more than 400,000 speakers[3]:99. Thailand is home to 71 living languages,[1] with the majority of people speaking languages of the Southwestern Tai family, and the national language being Thai. Spoken Lao is similar to the Thai language and speakers of the two languages can easily communicate with each other. -Thai belongs to the Tai language family, a group of related languages spoken in Thailand, Laos, Burma (by the Shan ethnic group), and northern Vietnam and southern China (by minority ethnic groups). Moreover, as Thailand never faced any kind of foreign incursion, Thai language has dominated the linguistic map of the country since ages. Two major dialects of Thai, the national language, are spoken in Thailand: Central Thai and Southern Thai. Thailand also boasts a substantial population of ethnic Chinese. ), Grabowsky, Volker. The following table shows ethnolinguistic groups in Thailand with equal to or more than 400,000 speakers according to the Royal Thai Government's 2011 Country Report to the Committee Responsible for the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD). [18] This explains the disparity between the three tables in this section. Statistics on education, language spoken and literacy are compiled by the Ministry of Education, Singapore Department of Statistics and the various institutions of higher learning. Central Thai is a Kra-Dai language closely related to Lao, Shan, and numerous indigenous languages of southern China and northern Vietnam. The organization Ethnologue has a peculiar statistic in its 2015 report on Thailand. Thai textbookAccording to linguists, Thai is an “uninflected, primarily monosyllabic, tonal language” in the Tai-Kadai family of languages. Syllables ending in a vowel are called “open syllables,’ while syllables ending in a consonant are called “closed syllables.”  Every syllable in the language is pronounced using one of five lexical tones: mid, high, low, rising, or falling. * Thai Dam, spoken by about 20,000 (1991) in Isan and Saraburi province. East and Southeast Asia. In addition to the four major regional dialects, there are also within Thailand a few minor dialects, such as the Phuan and Lue variations of the language, spoken only by very small pockets of the population. It’s important to remember that the four primary dialects of the Thai language are not the same as the different language “registers”—forms of the language used in various social contexts and for different circumstances in Thailand. The Thai system of writing has undergone few changes since its introduction, a fact that allows modern Thai scholars to study inscriptions from the Sukothai era. In Thailand’s most southern region, a dialect of the Malay language known as Yawi is the first language of the Malay Muslims, living in the country along the Thai/Malaysia border. The standard is written in the Thai alphabet, an abugida that evolved from the Khmer script. Matisoff, J. Sixty-two 'domestic' languages are officially recognized, and international languages spoken in Thailand, primarily by international workers, expatriates and business people, include Burmese, Karen, English, Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese, among others. Only 34 percent of Thai speakers in Thailand speak it as a native language. In the written form of Thai, the characters are placed horizontally, left to right, with no intervening space, to form syllables, words and sentences. Arizona State University, Program for Southeast Asian Studies. What are the percentages of languages spoken in Luxembourg? The following table contains the top 100 languages by estimated number of native speakers in the 2007 edition of the Swedish encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin.As census methods in different countries vary to a considerable extent, and given that some countries do not record language in their censuses, any list of languages by native speakers, or total speakers, is effectively based on estimates. Thai is the predominant member of the Tai family of languages, which includes about 60 languages spoken throughout Southeast Asia. Languages of Mainland South-East Asia. 2007. This varied ethnic and cultural makeup adds to the linguistic diversity in Thailand, a newly industrialized country that traditionally attracts thousands of expatriates each year from various developed countries. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family, and one of over 60 languages of Thailand. The remainder belongs to several different minority groups, including the Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. Other minority languages in Thailand include dialects from the Afro-Asiatic, Austronesian, and Sino-Tibetan families of language. Hill tribes and other ethnic groups have their own languages; for instance there are villages of Chinese settlers in Thailand where little Thai is spoken, or on the islands where sea gypsies have settled. While Thai is by far the most commonly spoken language in Thailand, it is not the only language one might hear when visiting this beautiful Southeast Asian nation. Not to be confused with the languages of China, the Thai language, like English, features an alphabetic or phonemic alphabet, meaning that the pronunciation of a given word is independent of its meaning. Within Thailand there are four major regional dialects, including Southern Thai, spoken in the southern provinces; Northern Thai or “Yuan,” spoken in the northern provinces that were once part of the independent kingdom of Lannathai; Northeastern Thai, which is very similar in nature to the Lao language; and Siamese Thai, the national language of the country, which is also referred to as Central Thai or Bangkok Thai. The Thai language comes in 22 nd in the highest number speakers (Figure 1), depending on the rendering. Suwilai Premsrirat. The 2008 Basic Education Core Curriculum[23] prioritises Thai, although it also mentions 'dialects' and 'local languages', i.e., ethnic minority languages. Both languages are partly mutually intelligible with Central Thai, with the degree depending on standard sociolinguistic factors. Luangthongkum, Theraphan.

Africa is the most linguistically diverse continent, with over 2,000 languages. Thai is the national language of Thailand, spoken by around eighty percent of the sixty million residents of the South-East Asian country. The 1 and only official language of Thailand is Thai, spoken by most of the population.There are also many minority languages. The sole official language of Thailand is Central Thai, a native language in Central (including the Bangkok Metropolitan Region), Southwestern and Eastern Thailand. [2], The following table comprises all 62 ethnolinguistic groups recognized by the Royal Thai Government in the 2011 Country Report to the UN Committee responsible for the International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, available from the Department of Rights and Liberties Promotion of the Thai Ministry of Justice.[3]:3. For instance, self-reporting as Lao has been prohibited, due to the prohibition of the Lao ethnonym in the context of describing Thai citizens, for approximately one hundred years. Thailand’s official language is standard Thai, formerly known as Siamese, which is spoken by about 40 percent of the population. Tempe, Arizona, 599-617. In O. Miyaoka, O. Sakiyama, and M. E. Krauss (eds.). Statistics are from Ethnologue 2003-10-4. 2004. The curriculum introduced by the 1999 National Education Act,[22] which introduced 12 years of free education, emphasized Thai as being the national language. The 2014 Ethnologue country report for Thailand, which uses the EGIDS language endangerment assessment scale,[15] lists one national language (Thai), one educational language, 27 developing languages, 18 vigorous languages, 17 threatened languages, and 7 dying languages.[16]. More on … Nearly every person in the country is able to speak and write Standard Thai, having learned the language from government schools and through its use in print and broadcast media. Similar to about half of the world’s languages, Thai is a tonal language. Percentage of the total population living in households in which Spanish is spoken. 6. In Lee Hock Guan & L. Suryadinata (Eds. Linguists consider it an “uninflected, primarily monosyllabic, tonal language” in the “Tai-Kadai family.” Thai is used in all official capacities in Thailand, including education, government and the media. Statistics are from Ethnologue 2003-10-4. Languages in Thailand with more than 1 million speakers according to Ethnologue. Thailand’s only official language is, by Ethnologue‘scount, spoken by approximately 88 percent of the country’s population of around 69 million people. The official stats put the English speaking percentage of the Thai population at around 27% or just over a quarter. In C. Moseley (ed.). Aheu Thailand - Thailand - Tai: The national language of Thailand, known as Standard Thai, is based on the language spoken in central Thailand. See language lists, maps, statistics, and more. The following table employs 2000 census data and includes international languages. The Institute publishes an official Thai dictionary every few years, adding new words to the language as needed, often drawing on elements of Pali, Sanskrit and Mon. The written form of the Thai language was introduced in 1283 by the third king in the Sukhothai period, a man named Ramkhamhaeng. [14] In the far south, Yawi, a dialect of Malay, is the primary community language of the Malay Muslims. Matisoff, J. 1964. Yawi is the primary spoken language of the Thai Malay ethnic group, but it is also used as the lingua franca by many of the native Thai people living in rural areas, and by the samsan people, a mostly Thai-speaking population of mixed Malay and Thai heritage. Togo. On syllables ending in “p,” “t” or “k,” or in a glottal stop after a short vowel, a forth tone existed, althrough these syllables showed no tonal differentiation at all. The organization Ethnologue has a peculiar statistic in its 2015 report on Thailand. Thai, or more specifically, Siamese Thai, is the lone official language of Thailand, spoken by over eighty percent of the country’s sixty million people. Lebar, F. M., G. C. Hickey, and J. K. Musgrave. Stats in Thailand. The vowel graphemes (and a few consonants) can be combined in a variety of ways to manufacture numerous compound vowels, known as diphthongs and triphthongs. Thai signThere are also a number of indigenous, non Thai-related languages spoken within Thailand’s borders. Similar to L'Academie Française in France, Thailand boasts a governing body for the Thai language, known as the Royal Institute. Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages 2.9% (includes Malay, Burmese) (2010 est.) A profile of the languages in Thailand. 1996. Thai, also historically known as Siamese, is part of the larger Tai language family, and the “official” version spoken in Thailand is based on the dialect local to the Bangkok region. In the northern section of the country, near Laos and Burma (Myanmar), the ethnic minority hill tribe people can be heard speaking Hmong-Mien, also known as Yao; as well as Lisu, Karen and others. This is not surprising, but the figure showing that there are twice as many second-language Thai speakers than first-language Thai speakers is. The writing borrowed elements of Pali, Sanskrit and Indian concepts, as well as a number of words from the Mon and Khmer. Thailand's population is relatively homogeneous. A., S. P. Baron, and J. Lao is spoken along the borders with the Laos PDR, Karen languages are spoken along the border with Myanmar, Khmer is spoken near Cambodia and Malayis spoken in the south near Malaysia. Thailand has a population size of approximately 66 million, which consists of a number of diverse ethnic groups. Thai is the country's official language and is spoken by the majority of these individuals.The Thai language, sometimes referred to as the Siamese language, belongs to the Tai-Kadai language family. Varieties of the Chinese language are spoken throughout the nation—varieties that include Mandarin, Cantonese, and Teochew, the latter being the best represented Chinese dialect in Thailand. A profile of the languages in Thailand. Percentage of the total population living in households in which Spanish is spoken. The Siamese Thai dialect is used in most schools throughout Thailand, used for media and entertainment broadcasts, and is widely understood by a sizable majority of the population. As you move to the eastern half of Thailand, very near Cambodia, many of the native people speak Khmer, and the Mon-Khmer languages known as Suay, Guay, or Kuay. Nearly 94 percent of the people speak Tai-Kadai (Daic) languages, with Thai (in various dialects) being predominant and the national and official language. Varieties of Chinese are also spoken by the older Thai Chinese population, with the Teochew dialect being best represented. From a business standpoint, mergers, associations and takeovers are increasingly common and English is used as the primary means to communicate, negotiate and execute these types of transactions. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 15:46. In, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, "UNdata | record view | Population by language, sex and urban/rural residence", http://web.nso.go.th/pop2000/finalrep/chanburifn.pdf, http://web.nso.go.th/pop2000/finalrep/roietfn.pdf, "Sakaeo: Key indicators of the population and households, Population and Housing Census 1990 and 2000", "Si Sa Ket: Key indicators of the population and households, Population and Housing Census 1990 and 2000", "Surin: Key indicators of the population and households, Population and Housing Census 1990 and 2000", http://web.nso.go.th/pop2000/finalrep/tratfn.pdf, "Ubon Ratchathani: Key indicators of the population and households, Population and Housing Census 1990 and 2000", "Assessing endangerment: Expanding Fishman's GIDS", Population by language, sex and urban/rural residence, "Thailand Economic Monitor – June 2015: Quality Education for All", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Thailand&oldid=991737442, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Malta is a picturesque and scenic small Island off the south coast of Italy, with one of the best climates in all … Note that numbers of speakers are for the Northeast region only. Ethnic Thais use lexical tones when speaking, each of which represents a certain pitch characteristic. With the recent economic downturn that continues to bog down Thailand (and other nations around the globe), a significant number of Thai companies have embraced the idea of regional and international cooperation. Thai is the language of education. This early system consisted of three tones on syllables ending in a long vowel or a semi-vowel. The Position of Non-Thai Languages in Thailand. Here is a complete list of all 74 languages spoken in Thailand: 1. Burmese The Burmese make up Thailand's largest migrant population with over 14,00,000 residents in the country. (2007). Aheu Its standard is founded on the dialect of Bangkok, and it is written in the Thai alphabet, an abugida that evolved from the Khmer script. The Position of Non-Thai Languages in Thailand. English-speakers visiting one of Thailand’s larger cities, particularly Bangkok, are almost sure to find some common linguistic ground, as the number of English-speaking, native Thai residents has risen exponentially over the last decade. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. The main language in Thailand is Thai.The main language in Myanmar is Burmese. Two related deaf-community sign languages developed in the cities of Chiangmai and Bangkok, while the national Thai Sign Language is based on principles of American Sign Language. International programs and schools which teach, for example, English or Chinese alongside Thai exist, as do a small number of pilot projects to teach ethnic minority languages alongside Thai in Thai schools.[14]. Because of this, speaking Thai in the correct manner creates a variety of fluid, pleasing and melodic patterns—patterns which have resulted in the language being referred to as a “sing song” language by outsiders. Owing to the huge percentage of Thai population in the city, Thai Language is the most widely spoken of all major languages and also forms the official language of the place. Approximately three-quarters of the population are ethnically Thai, 14 percent Thai Chinese, and 3 percent is ethnically Malay. -Thai belongs to the Tai language family, a group of related languages spoken in Thailand, Laos, Burma (by the Shan ethnic group), and northern Vietnam and southern China (by minority ethnic groups). B. Lowe. The spoken variety of Thai is thought to have originated in the region which now comprises the border between Vietnam and China, an idea which provides clues to the origin of the Thai people, an area of continued scholarly debate. Owing to the huge percentage of Thai population in the city, Thai Language is the most widely spoken of all major languages and also forms the official language of the place. Thailand is located in Southeast Asia, in the central region of the Indochinese peninsula. The Thai language comes in 22 nd in the highest number speakers (Figure 1), depending on the rendering. Two related deaf-community sign languages developed in Chiangmai and Bangkok; the national Thai Sign Language developed from these under the influence of American Sign Language. Moreover, as Thailand never faced any kind of foreign incursion, Thai language has dominated the linguistic map of the country since ages. Scope: population of Nevada, selected other states in the United States, and entities that contain Nevada 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Count # Texas California New Mexico Nevada Florida Arizona New Jersey New York Illinois Bradley, D. 2007. MARCH 9, 2020 – As invitations to respond to the 2020 Census begin hitting mailboxes this week, the U.S. Census Bureau wants you to know you can respond in more languages than ever before. Education, Language Spoken and Literacy. The latter are arranged into roughly 32 vowel combinations. Thai textbookAccording to linguists, Thai is an “uninflected, primarily monosyllabic, tonal language” in the Tai-Kadai family of languages. [3]:99 and the Ethnolinguistic Maps of Thailand project. In comparison, 96.4% of Filipinos reported speaking Tagalog, just one of more than 150 recognized languages and dialects spoken in homes across the Philippines. Northern Thai is spoken in the northern provinces that were formerly part of the independent kingdom of Lan Na while Isan, a Lao dialect, is the native language of the northeast. All syllables within the Thai language must contain a vowel, but they may begin or end with a consonant sound. In fact, over 99% of the nation’s households will be able to respond to the once-a-decade population count online or by phone in the language they speak at home. Another 2 percent speak Austro-Asiatic languages, 2 percent speak Austronesian languages, 1 percent speak Tibeto-Burman languages, and 0.2 percent speak Hmong-Mien languages. English, Japanese, and Vietnamese are spoken by a tiny percentage of the population as a first language. 1991. People stating such a language as a first language, including Lao, are allocated to 'Thai'. From a linguistic standpoint, Thai is related closely to the languages of Vietnam and Yunnan, in addition to those of Myanmar and Laos. Thailand is home to 71 living languages, with the majority of people speaking languages of the Southwestern Tai family, and the national language being Thai. Thai itself is not a monolith. Many of these languages are spoken by larger numbers outside of Thailand. The most widely spoken languages in Africa are Arabic (in the north), Swahili and Hausa. Item: Unit: Exploring the Prevalence of Languages Around The World. It is the principal language of education and government and is spoken throughout the country. In addition, there are several village sign languages used among the hill tribes, though it is not clear whether these are independent languages, as only Ban Khor Sign Language has been fully described and recognized. Several village sign languages are reported among the mountain peoples ('hill tribes'), though it is not clear whether these are independent languages, as only Ban Khor Sign Language has been described. The position of all minority languages, including the largest, i.e., the Lao-based Isan in the Northeast and Kham muang in the North, is precarious given that they are not well supported in Thailand's language education policy. Many of these languages are spoken by larger numbers outside of Thailand.

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K. Musgrave with! Speakers than first-language Thai speakers in Thailand: Central Thai, spoken about! M. Uhlenbeck ( Eds. ) textbookAccording to linguists, Thai is the most widely spoken languages in Thailand Thai.The! In Myanmar is Burmese South-East Asian country for secondary and tertiary-level students J.. The Indochinese peninsula not surprising, but they May begin or end with a consonant sound far... Française in France, Thailand boasts a governing body for the Northeast region only: Translation analysis! Residents in the highest number speakers ( Figure 1 ), Swahili and Hausa this section with the degree on... Much as it is a complete list of all 74 languages spoken in?! Speak it as a number of indigenous, non Thai-related languages spoken Bangkok... Both scope and importance, much as it is a complete list all! The language spoken in Thailand include dialects from the Mon and Khmer size of 66. 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